cranial sutures; fontanelles; imaging; orbit; orbital fractures; supernumerary bones; sutural bones; wormian bones
Wormian bones are formed due to abnormal ossification centers in various locations in the skull. Genetic and/or environmental factors have been proposed to explain their formation. These bones can be normal anatomical variants or associated with a number of pathological conditions. The literature reports the most common locations of these bones as the cranial sutures, and reports of the presence of these bones in the orbit are rare. Clinically, these bones in the orbit can simulate fractures on imaging or can dislodge during surgery causing injury to the surrounding structures. Herein, we report a case of wormian bones of the orbit and discuss other reports from the literature.
Neurosciences (Brain & Spine)
Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Rizvi, Asad; Iwanaga, Joe; Oskouian, Rod J; Loukas, Marios; and Tubbs, R Shane, "Wormian Bone of the Orbit: A Case Report." (2018). Journal Articles and Abstracts. 763.