Title

Anatomical study of the palatine aponeurosis: application to posterior palatal seal of the complete maxillary denture.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-1-2018

Keywords

Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Aponeurosis; Cadaver; Female; Humans; Male; Mouth Mucosa; Palatal Muscles; Palate, Hard; Anatomy; Aponeurosis; Cadaver; Complete denture; Soft palate

Abstract

The palatine aponeurosis is a thin, fibrous lamella comprising the extended tendons of the tensor veli palatini muscles, attached to the posterior border and inferior surface of the palatine bone. In dentistry, the relationship between the "vibrating line" and the border of the hard and soft palate has long been discussed. However, to our knowledge, there has been no discussion of the relationship between the palatine aponeurosis and the vibrating line(s). Twenty sides from ten fresh frozen White cadaveric heads (seven males and three females) whose mean age at death was 79 years) were used in this study. The thickness of the mucosa including the submucosal tissue was measured. The maximum length of the palatine aponeurosis on each side and the distance from the posterior nasal spine to the posterior border of the palatine aponeurosis in the midline were also measured. The relationship between the marked borderlines and the posterior border of the palatine bone was observed. The thickness of the mucosa and submucosal tissue on the posterior nasal spine and the maximum length of the palatine aponeurosis were 3.4 mm, and 12.2 mm on right side and 12.8 mm on left, respectively. The length of the palatine aponeurosis in the midline was 4.9 mm. In all specimens, the borderline between the compressible and incompressible parts corresponded to the posterior border of the palatine bone.

Clinical Institute

Neurosciences (Brain & Spine)

Department

Neurosciences

Department

Pathology & Laboratory Medicine

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