A phase 1b, multicenter, dose-escalation study of subasumstat (TAK-981) in combination with pembrolizumab in patients (pts) with advanced solid tumors.
Meeting Abstract | 2022 ASCO Annual Meeting I
oregon; portland; chiles
Background: SUMOylation is a post-translational modification with a role in limiting type 1 interferon (IFN-1)-dependent immune responses. Subasumstat is a small-molecule inhibitor of SUMOylation with the potential to increase antitumor immunity and overcome tumor resistance to checkpoint inhibitors (CPI) by inducing IFN-1 signaling. Preclinical data suggest that subasumstat enhances antigen cross-presentation, promoting T cell dependent antitumor responses; subasumstat plus an anti-PD-1 CPI has shown synergistic tumor growth inhibition and activation of CD8+ T cells and natural killer cells in syngeneic mouse models. We report data from the dose escalation part of a phase 1b study of subasumstat with pembrolizumab in pts with relapsed/refractory, CPI-exposed, non-squamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) or microsatellite-stable colorectal cancer (MSS-CRC). Methods: Pts received escalating doses (40, 60, 90, and 120 mg) of subasumstat IV in 3 dosing schedules: days 1 and 8 (QW), days 1, 4, 8, and 11 (BIW), or days 1, 8, and 15 (90 mg only) of 21-day cycles, plus pembrolizumab 200 mg IV on day 1 of each cycle for 2 years or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Dose escalation was guided by Bayesian optimal interval design. Phase 1b primary objectives were safety, tolerability, and the recommended phase 2 dose of subasumstat with pembrolizumab. Results: As of October 13, 2021, 43 (35 MSS-CRC; 8 NSCLC) pts had received ≥1 dose of subasumstat (22 BIW [40–120 mg]; 15 QW [90 –120 mg]; 6 on days 1, 8, 15 [90 mg)]. Median number of treatment cycles was 3; 28 (65%) pts had discontinued treatment, 21 (49%) due to progressive disease. Median age was 58 years (range 34–77); 56% of pts were male. One pt had a dose-limiting toxicity of grade 3 angioedema at 120 mg BIW. The maximum tolerated dose was not identified. Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) occurred in 38 (88%) pts; subasumstat-related TEAEs occurred in 34 (79%) pts, and included chills in 20 (47%), pyrexia in 16 (37%), fatigue in 9 (21%), anemia in 6 (14%), and stomatitis in 5 pts (12%; 3 [50%] in the 120 mg BIW cohort). Grade ≥3 TEAEs occurred in 24 (56%) pts; subasumstat-related grade ≥3 TEAEs reported in 10 (23%) pts included anemia, pyrexia, and increased aspartate aminotransferase (2 [5%] pts each). Pharmacokinetic activity of subasumstat was linear and decreased in a tri-phasic manner. Subasumstat exerted pharmacodynamic activity including target engagement, SUMOylation inhibition and increased IFN-1 signaling. Partial responses were observed at ≥40 mg dose levels in pts with NSCLC and MSS-CRC. Conclusions: Subasumstat plus pembrolizumab showed a favorable safety profile and promising anti-tumor activity in pre-treated NSCLC and MSS-CRC pts. Updated data will be presented at the meeting. Subasumstat plus pembrolizumab is currently in phase 2 clinical development (NCT04381650). Clinical trial information: NCT04381650.
Earle A. Chiles Research Institute
Goel, Sanjay; Sanborn, Rachel E; and See full list of authors in comments, "A phase 1b, multicenter, dose-escalation study of subasumstat (TAK-981) in combination with pembrolizumab in patients (pts) with advanced solid tumors." (2022). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 6232.
Sanjay Goel, Susanna Varkey Ulahannan, Anthony J. Olszanski, Patricia LoRusso, Rachel E. Sanborn, Sunil Sharma, Leisha A. Emens, Matthew Reilley, Victor Priego, Shuli Li, Bingxia Wang, Lixian Dong, Kris Sachsenmeier, John Gibbs, Robert Gharavi, Alonzo Martinez, Igor Proscurshim, Robert J. Fram, Alejandro Gomez-Pinillos, Drew W. Rasco