Amivantamab in Post-platinum EGFR Exon 20 Insertion Mutant Non-small Cell Lung Cancer
Journal of Thoracic Oncology
oregon; portland; chiles
IntroductionDespite sharing similar tumor biology to other epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumors, no targeted therapies have been approved for NSCLC harboring EGFR Exon 20 insertion mutations (Exon20ins). The standard of care remains platinum-based chemotherapy for the front-line, with no clear subsequent options available. Amivantamab (JNJ-61186372) is a novel, fully human EGFR-MET bispecific antibody with immune cell-directing activity that targets activating and resistance EGFR mutations, as well as MET mutations and amplifications, and has received FDA Breakthrough Therapy Designation for the treatment of patients with EGFR Exon20ins NSCLC after platinum-based chemotherapy. Here we present updated results on the Exon20ins cohort from the CHRYSALIS study (NCT02609776).
MethodsThe dose escalation phase enrolled patients with advanced NSCLC to determine the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) of 1050 mg (1400 mg for ≥80 kg) amivantamab. The dose expansion phase assessed the safety and efficacy of amivantamab in patients with EGFR- and MET-mutant NSCLC treated at the RP2D. Disease response was assessed by the investigator per RECIST v1.1 and is presented for those patients with Exon20ins NSCLC who had progressed on prior platinum-based chemotherapy, were treated at the RP2D, and had at least 3 post-baseline disease assessments (18 weeks) or discontinued, progressed, or died prior to the 3rd assessment (the Post-Platinum Cohort). The data cutoff date was 8 Jun 2020.
ResultsIn the Post-Platinum Cohort (n=81), median age was 62 (42 – 84), 59% were women, 49% were Asian, median prior lines of therapy was 2 (1 – 7), and 53% were never-smokers. At a median follow-up of 6.5 months (1.1 – 29.3), investigator-assessed overall response rate (ORR) was 36% (29/81; 95% CI, 25 – 47), with all responders achieving partial response (PR). The clinical benefit rate (≥PR or stable disease ≥11 weeks) was 73% (59/81; 95% CI, 62 – 82). Responses were durable at a median of 6.8 months (95% CI, 5.0 – not reached) with ongoing responses in 18/29 (longest at 16+ months). Median progression-free survival was 8.3 months (95% CI, 5.5 – 12.7) and median overall survival was 22.8 months (95% CI, 14.0 – not reached). Among all phase 1 patients, across a variety of EGFR genomic alterations and lines of therapy, treated with amivantamab monotherapy at the RP2D (n=258), the most common adverse events (AEs) were rash (78%), infusion related reaction (IRR; 65%), and paronychia (40%). Additional EGFR-related AEs were stomatitis (19%), pruritus (19%), and diarrhea (11%). Grade ≥3 AEs were reported in 39% of patients; 14% were considered treatment-related, with rash (3%) and IRR (2%) being most frequent. No treatment-related deaths were reported. The incidence of treatment-related AEs leading to dose reduction and discontinuation was 10% and 3%, respectively.
ConclusionAmivantamab treatment led to promising efficacy with durable responses in patients with EGFR Exon20ins NSCLC post-platinum doublet and continues to demonstrate a manageable safety profile in over 250 patients treated at the RP2D. A phase 3 study, PAPILLON, evaluating amivantamab in combination with chemotherapy in the front-line setting is in planning stages.
Earle A. Chiles Research Institute
Sabari, JK; Shu, CA; Park, K; Leighl, N; Mitchell, P; Kim, S; Lee, J; Kim, D; Viteri, S; Spira, A; Han, J; Trigo, J; Lee, CK; Lee, KH; Girard, N; Yang, T; Goto, K; Sanborn, Rachel E; Yang, JC; Xie, J; Roshak, A; Thayu, M; Knoblauch, RE; and Cho, BC, "Amivantamab in Post-platinum EGFR Exon 20 Insertion Mutant Non-small Cell Lung Cancer" (2021). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 5496.