Platinum resistance in gynecologic malignancies: Response, disease free and overall survival are predicted by biochemical signature: A metabolomic analysis.
california; irvine; sjh
OBJECTIVE: Platinum resistance, defined as the lack of response or relapse within six months of platinum-based chemotherapy, is an important determinant of survival in gynecologic cancer. We used quantitative Mass Spectrometry to identify metabolic signatures that predict platinum resistance in patients receiving chemotherapy for gynecologic cancers.
METHODS: In this study 47 patients with adenocarcinoma of the ovary or uterus who were candidates for carboplatin plus paclitaxel submitted blood for quantitation of metabolites and surgical specimens for the isolation 3-dimensional organoids used to measure individual patient platinum resistance, ex vivo. Results were correlated with response, time to progression and survival.
RESULTS: Of 47 patients, 27 (64.3%) achieved complete remission with a mean time to progression of 1.9 years (± 1.5), disease-free survival of 1.7 years (± 1.4) and overall survival of 2.6 years (± 1.6) and a mean cisplatin lethal concentration 50% (LC50) = 1.15 μg/ml (range 0.4-3.1). Cisplatin LC50's correlated with a non-significant decrease in complete remission (RR [95% CI] =0.76 [0.46-1.27]), diminished disease-free survival (median: 1.15 vs. 2.99 years, p = 0.038) and with biochemical signatures of 186 metabolites. Receiver operating curves (ROC) of lipid ratios, branched chain amino acids and the tryptophan to kynurenine ratio identified patients at the highest risk of relapse and death (AUC = 0.933) with a sensitivity of 92.0% and specificity of 86.0% (p < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: Metabolic signatures in gynecologic cancer identify patients at the highest risk of relapse and death offering new diagnostic and prognostic tools for management of the advanced gynecologic tumors.
Obstetrics & Gynecology
D'Amora, Paulo; Silva, Ismael Dale C G; Tewari, Krishnansu S; Bristow, Robert E; Cappuccini, Fabio; Evans, Steven S; Salzgeber, Marcia B; Addis-Bernard, Paula J; Palma, Anton M; Marchioni, Dirce M L; Carioca, Antonio A F; Penner, Kristine R; Alldredge, Jill; Longoria, Teresa; and Nagourney, Robert A, "Platinum resistance in gynecologic malignancies: Response, disease free and overall survival are predicted by biochemical signature: A metabolomic analysis." (2021). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 5218.