Covid-19 in hospitalized lung and non-lung solid organ transplant recipients: a comparative analysis from a multicenter study.
American journal of transplantation : official journal of the American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons
washington; seattle; swedish; 2019-nCoV
Lung transplant recipients (LTR) with Covid-19 may have higher mortality than non-lung solid organ transplant recipients (SOTR), but direct comparisons are limited. Risk factors for mortality specifically in LTR have not been explored. We performed a multicenter cohort study of adult SOTR with Covid-19 to compare mortality by 28-days between hospitalized LTR and non-lung SOTR. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to assess comorbidity-adjusted mortality among LTR vs. non-lung SOTR and to determine risk factors for death in LTR. Of 1,616 SOTR with Covid-19, 1,051 (65%) were hospitalized including 117/159 (74%) LTR and 934/1457 (64%) non-lung SOTR (p=0.02). Mortality was higher among LTR compared to non-lung SOTR (24% vs. 16%, respectively, p=0.035) and lung transplant was independently associated with death after adjusting for age and comorbidities (aOR 1.7, 95% CI 1.0-2.6, p=0.05). Among LTR, independent risk factors for mortality included single lung transplant (aOR 2.8, 95% CI 1.0-7.7, p=0.04) and chronic lung allograft dysfunction (aOR 3.6, 95% CI 1.0-12.4, p=0.05), but not age >65 years, heart failure, or obesity. Among SOTR hospitalized for Covid-19, LTR had higher mortality than non-lung SOTR. In LTR, single lung transplant and chronic allograft dysfunction were independently associated with mortality.
Heldman, Madeleine R; Kates, Olivia S; Safa, Kassem; Kotton, Camille N; Georgia, Sarah J; Steinbrink, Julie M; Alexander, Barbara D; Hemmersbach-Miller, Marion; Blumberg, Emily A; Crespo, Maria M; Multani, Ashrit; Lewis, Angelica V; Beaird, Omer Eugene; Haydel, Brandy; La Hoz, Ricardo M; Moni, Lisset; Condor, Yesabeli; Flores, Sandra; Munoz, Carlos G; Guitierrez, Juan; Diaz, Esther I; Diaz, Daniela; Vianna, Rodrigo; Guerra, Giselle; Loebe, Matthias; Rakita, Robert M; Malinis, Maricar; Azar, Marwan M; Hemmige, Vagish; McCort, Margaret E; Chaudhry, Zohra S; Singh, Pooja; Hughes, Kailey; Velioglu, Arzu; Yabu, Julie M; Morillis, Jose A; Mehta, Sapna A; Tanna, Sajal D; Ison, Michael G; Tomic, Rade; Derenge, Ariella Candace; van Duin, David; Maximin, Adrienne; Gilbert, Carlene; Goldman, Jason D; Sehgal, Sameep; Weisshaar, Dana; Girgis, Reda E; Nelson, Joanna; Lease, Erika D; Fisher, Cynthia E; Limaye, Ajit P; and Study Team, UW Covid-19 SOT, "Covid-19 in hospitalized lung and non-lung solid organ transplant recipients: a comparative analysis from a multicenter study." (2021). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 4870.