Intraoperative Comparison of Measured Resection and Gap Balancing Using a Force Sensor: A Prospective, Randomized Controlled Trial.
The Journal of arthroplasty
FuZion balancer; TEA; TKA; eLIBRA sensor; gap balancing; measured resection
BACKGROUND: For establishing femoral component position, gap-balancing (GB) and measured resection (MR) techniques were compared using a force sensor.
METHODS: Ninety-one patients were randomized to undergo primary total knee arthroplasty using either MR (n = 43) or GB (n = 48) technique using a single total knee arthroplasty design. GB was performed with an instrumented tensioner. Force sensor data were obtained before the final implantation.
RESULTS: GB resulted in greater range of femoral component rotation vs MR (1.5° ± 2.9° vs 3.1° ± 0.5°, P < .05) and posterior condylar cut thickness medially (10.2 ± 2.0 mm vs 9.0 ± 1.3 mm) and laterally (8.5 ± 1.9 mm vs 6.4 ± 1.0 mm). Force sensor data showed a decreased intercompartmental force difference at full flexion in GB (.8 ± 2.3 vs 2.0 ± 3.3u, 1u ≈ 15 N, P < .05).
CONCLUSION: GB resulted in a greater range of femoral component rotation and thicker posterior condylar cuts resulting in an increased flexion space relative to MR. Intercompartmental force difference trended toward a more uniform distribution between full extension and full flexion in the GB vs MR group.
Orthopedics & Sports Medicine
Cidambi, Krishna R; Robertson, Nicholas; Borges, Camille; Nassif, Nader A; and Barnett, Steven L, "Intraoperative Comparison of Measured Resection and Gap Balancing Using a Force Sensor: A Prospective, Randomized Controlled Trial." (2018). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 432.