Treatment of Gunshot Wounds to Spine During Late 19th Century.
American Civil War; Crimean War; History, 19th Century; Humans; Military Medicine; Neurosurgical Procedures; Spinal Injuries; Treatment Outcome; Wounds, Gunshot
BACKGROUND: The demand for neurosurgical procedures increased drastically in the late 19th century owing to advances in ballistics during the American Civil War and Crimean War.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Surgical care for a gunshot wound to the spine relied on skilled identification and removal of the fractured bone. Hemorrhage control and infection prevention were also imperative for improving survival rates.
CONCLUSIONS: Although new techniques were implemented, the mortality rate from spinal injuries during this period was staggering. Nevertheless, those 19th century procedural methods provided the basis for present-day treatment for spinal injury patients.
Neurosciences (Brain & Spine)
Protas, Matthew; Schumacher, Maia; Iwanaga, Joe; Yilmaz, Emre; Oskouian, Rod J; and Tubbs, R Shane, "Treatment of Gunshot Wounds to Spine During Late 19th Century." (2018). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 424.