A phase I/II study of rovalpituzumab tesirine in delta-like 3-expressing, advanced solid tumors.
Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Background: Delta-like 3 (DLL3) is highly and specifically expressed in solid tumors, such as neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs), malignant melanoma (MM), and medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). Rovalpituzumab tesirine (Rova-T) is a DLL3-targeting antibody-drug conjugate. Methods: This Phase 1/2 study (NCT02709889) enrolled patients with relapsed/refractory DLL3+ (>1% by IHC) advanced solid tumors and ECOG performance status of 0-1. Rova-T was given IV at 0.2, 0.3, or 0.4 mg/kg on d 1 of each 6-wk cycle (q6wk) for dose escalation (3+3 design) in disease-specific cohorts in Phase I. The recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) was tested in Phase II. Safety and dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) were primary endpoints; efficacy outcomes were secondary endpoints. Results: The study enrolled 200 patients; 101 had NECs (large cell NEC [n=13], neuroendocrine prostate cancer [n=21], high-grade gastroenteropancreatic NEC [n=36], other [n=31]) and 99 had other solid tumors (MM [n=20], MTC [n=13], glioblastoma [GBM; n=23], other [n=43]). The median age was 61 y (range, 28-84); 63% were male. The RP2D was 0.3 mg/kg q6wk for 2 cycles in all cohorts. There were 7 DLTs in 5 patients: 2 with 0.2 mg/kg (Grade [Gr] 3 photosensitivity reaction, Gr 3 dyspnea), 2 with 0.3 mg/kg (1 with Gr 2 effusion, Gr 3 tumor lysis syndrome, and Gr 3 rhabdomyolysis; 1 with Gr 4 kidney injury), and 1 with 0.4 mg/kg (Gr 4 thrombocytopenia). Despite only 1 DLT identified with 0.4 mg/kg, the totality of the safety data suggested that this dose is not well tolerated. Common adverse events (AEs) in patients given 0.3 mg/kg (n=145) are shown (Table). Serious AEs occurred in 77/145 patients (53%), most commonly (≥3%) malignant neoplasm progression (n=18; 12%), pleural effusion (n=7; 5%), pericardial effusion (n=6; 4%), and dyspnea (n=5; 3%). The objective response rate (ORR) was 11% (21/200): 14 had NEC, 2 had MM, 2 had MTC, 2 had small cell carcinoma (SCC) not of lung origin (all partial responses), and 1 had GBM (complete response). In patients with NECs given 0.3 mg/kg, ORR, clinical benefit rate, and progression-free survival trended in favor of those with high DLL3-expressing tumors (≥50% by IHC) which represented 51% of NECs. Conclusions: Rova-T was tolerable in patients with advanced solid tumors at 0.3 mg/kg q6wk for 2 cycles. Antitumor activity was observed in patients with NEC, MM, MTC, SCC, and GBM. Clinical trial information: NCT02709889.
Earle A. Chiles Research Institute
Mansfield, Aaron Scott; Hong, David S.; Hann, Christine L.; Farago, Anna F.; Beltran, Himisha; Waqar, Saiama Naheed; Hendifar, Andrew Eugene; Anthony, Lowell Brian; Taylor, Matthew H; Bryce, Alan Haruo; Tagawa, Scott T.; Lewis, Karl D.; Niu, Jiaxin; Chung, Christine H.; Cleary, James M.; Rossi, Michael; Ludwig, Carrianne; Valenzuela, Ricardo; Luo, Yan; and Aggarwal, Rahul Raj, "A phase I/II study of rovalpituzumab tesirine in delta-like 3-expressing, advanced solid tumors." (2020). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 3938.