Implementation of a MEWS-Sepsis screening tool: Transformational outcomes of a nurse-led evidence-based practice project.
BACKGROUND: One in three patients who die in the hospital has sepsis. Alerting clinicians to early detection of high-risk patients before deterioration is a top health care priority. Modified Early Warning Scoring (MEWS) tools have assisted organizations in identifying at-risk patients at the first sign of subtle deterioration.
AIM AND SETTING: In conjunction with an academic-clinical partner, we evaluated, revised and implemented a modified MEWS-Sepsis screening tool in an acute care facility.
PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and thirty-nine direct-care nurses participated in tool evaluation.
METHODS: Using a plan-do-study-act cycle of quality improvement, critical care scenarios from septic patient data were created and tested in a simulated setting.
RESULTS: Upon implementation of the MEWS-Sepsis tool, the monthly risk-adjusted sepsis mortality rate immediately declined by 24%. The decline in mortality has been sustained from implementation to the present, spanning a 5-year period.
CONCLUSIONS: The implementation of a MEWS-Sepsis screening tool contributed to early identification and implementation of time-sensitive interventions aimed at preventing sepsis-associated deaths. MEWS-Sepsis tools hold potential for scale-up and spreading out of evidence-based practice nursing innovations to transform care, improve patient outcomes, and save lives.
Roney, Jamie; Whitley, Barbara E; and Long, JoAnn D, "Implementation of a MEWS-Sepsis screening tool: Transformational outcomes of a nurse-led evidence-based practice project." (2020). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 3873.