Cumulative suppressive index as a predictor of relapse free survival and overall survival in Human Papilloma Virus-negative oral squamous cell carcinomas with negative resection margins.
Head & neck
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to analyze margin status and the impact of the immune elements on recurrence in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), employing a prognostic biomarker, cumulative suppressive index (CSI), which reflects FoxP3+, PD-L1+, and CD8+ cell spatial relationships in the tumor microenvironment.
METHODS: Cox proportional hazards regression was used to evaluate the interactive effect of the margin by CSI discrepancy (high, 3-4 vs low, 0-2) on recurrence free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) in 119 patients with stage I to IVA OSCC.
RESULTS: In cases with negative margins, multivariable analysis showed high CSI was significantly associated with worse RFS (HR = 2.59, 95% CI [1.03, 6.49], P = .04) and OS (HR = 5.49, 95% CI [1.48, 20.35], P = .01) compared to low CSI. However, high CSI was not significantly associated with recurrence in cases with positive margins.
CONCLUSIONS: Immune architecture analysis can augment our current histopathological risk assessment of margin status.
Earle A. Chiles Research Institute
Hum, Lauren; Bethmann, Daniel; Feng, Zipei; Chang, Shu-Ching; Eckert, Alexander; Ballesteros-Merino, Carmen; Keschke, Claudia; Kappler, Matthias; Bifulco, Carlo; Wickenhauser, Claudia; Seliger, Barbara; Fox, Bernard A; and Bell, Richard Bryan, "Cumulative suppressive index as a predictor of relapse free survival and overall survival in Human Papilloma Virus-negative oral squamous cell carcinomas with negative resection margins." (2020). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 3784.