contraceptives; neuropathy; subcutaneous; subdermal
Over 62 million women in the United States are of childbearing age and 60% of them use contraception. Subcutaneous contraceptives include implantable contraceptives and subcutaneous injections. Implantable contraception involves subdermal time-release of synthetic progestin, which allows for several years of continuous, highly effective contraception. Its main effects are inhibition of ovulation and thickening of the cervical mucus. Many complications have been associated with subcutaneous contraception, including menstrual disturbances, headache, weight gain, acne, dizziness, mood disturbances, nausea, lower abdominal pain, hair loss, loss of libido, pain at the implant site, neuropathy, and follicular cysts. Using standard search engines, the complications of subcutaneous contraception are reviewed. Patients should be adequately counseled on the possible complications and side effects of subcutaneous contraception to help them make an informed decision when choosing the right contraceptive to meet their needs.
Women & Children
Obstetrics & Gynecology
Ramdhan, Rebecca C; Simonds, Emily; Wilson, Charlotte; Loukas, Marios; Oskouian, Rod J; and Tubbs, R Shane, "Complications of Subcutaneous Contraception: A Review." (2018). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 378.