Apoptosis; Cell Line, Tumor; Fatty Acids; Humans; Lipid Droplets; Lipid Metabolism; Lipidomics; Lipids; Melanoma; Metabolomics; Microscopy; Oleic Acid; Spectrum Analysis, Raman; Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase; Transcriptome
Non-invasively probing metabolites within single live cells is highly desired but challenging. Here we utilize Raman spectro-microscopy for spatial mapping of metabolites within single cells, with the specific goal of identifying druggable metabolic susceptibilities from a series of patient-derived melanoma cell lines. Each cell line represents a different characteristic level of cancer cell de-differentiation. First, with Raman spectroscopy, followed by stimulated Raman scattering (SRS) microscopy and transcriptomics analysis, we identify the fatty acid synthesis pathway as a druggable susceptibility for differentiated melanocytic cells. We then utilize hyperspectral-SRS imaging of intracellular lipid droplets to identify a previously unknown susceptibility of lipid mono-unsaturation within de-differentiated mesenchymal cells with innate resistance to BRAF inhibition. Drugging this target leads to cellular apoptosis accompanied by the formation of phase-separated intracellular membrane domains. The integration of subcellular Raman spectro-microscopy with lipidomics and transcriptomics suggests possible lipid regulatory mechanisms underlying this pharmacological treatment. Our method should provide a general approach in spatially-resolved single cell metabolomics studies.
Institute for Systems Biology
Du, Jiajun; Su, Yapeng; Qian, Chenxi; Yuan, Dan; Miao, Kun; Lee, Dongkwan; Ng, Alphonsus H C; Wijker, Reto S; Ribas, Antoni; Levine, Raphael D; Heath, James R; and Wei, Lu, "Raman-guided subcellular pharmaco-metabolomics for metastatic melanoma cells." (2020). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 3662.