Robotic versus laparoscopic radical nephrectomy: a large multi-institutional analysis (ROSULA Collaborative Group).
World journal of urology
Aged; Female; Humans; Kidney Neoplasms; Laparoscopy; Male; Middle Aged; Nephrectomy; Retrospective Studies; Robotic Surgical Procedures; Treatment Outcome; Comparative outcomes; Complications; Laparoscopic; Radical nephrectomy; Robotic
OBJECTIVE: To compare the outcomes of robotic radical nephrectomy (RRN) to those of laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) for large renal masses.
METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of RRN and LRN cases performed for large (≥ cT2) renal masses from 2004 to 2017 and collected in the multi-institutional international database (ROSULA: RObotic SUrgery for LArge renal masses). Peri-operative, functional, and oncologic outcomes were compared between each approach. Descriptive analyses were performed and presented as medians with interquartile ranges. Inverse probability of treatment weighting-adjusted multivariable analyses were used to identify predictors of peri-operative complications. Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression models were used to assess survival outcomes.
RESULTS: A total of 941 patients (RRN = 404, LRN = 537) were identified. There was no difference in terms of gender, age, and clinical tumor size. Over the study period, RRN had an annual increase of 11.75% (95% CI [7.34, 17.01] p < 0.001) and LRN had an annual decline of 5.39% (95% CI [-6.94, -3.86] p < 0.001). Patients undergoing RRN had higher BMI (27.6 [IQR 24.8-31.1] vs. 26.5 [24.1-30.0] kg/m
CONCLUSIONS: This study represents the largest known multi-center comparison between RRN and LRN. The two procedures seem to offer similar peri-operative outcomes. Notably, RRN has been increasingly utilized, especially in the setting of more advanced and surgically challenging disease without increasing the risk of peri-operative complications.
Kidney & Diabetes
Anele, Uzoma A; Marchioni, Michele; Yang, Bo; Simone, Giuseppe; Uzzo, Robert G; Lau, Clayton; Mir, Maria C; Capitanio, Umberto; Porter, James; Jacobsohn, Ken; de Luyk, Nicolo; Mari, Andrea; Chang, Kidon; Fiori, Cristian; Sulek, Jay; Mottrie, Alexandre; White, Wesley; Perdona, Sisto; Quarto, Giuseppe; Bindayi, Ahmet; Ashrafi, Akbar; Schips, Luigi; Berardinelli, Francesco; Zhang, Chao; Gallucci, Michele; Ramirez-Backhaus, Miguel; Larcher, Alessandro; Kilday, Patrick; Liao, Michael; Langenstroer, Peter; Dasgupta, Prokar; Challacombe, Ben; Kutikov, Alexander; Minervini, Andrea; Rha, Koon Ho; Sundaram, Chandru P; Hampton, Lance J; Porpiglia, Francesco; Aron, Monish; Derweesh, Ithaar; and Autorino, Riccardo, "Robotic versus laparoscopic radical nephrectomy: a large multi-institutional analysis (ROSULA Collaborative Group)." (2019). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 2999.