Title

Octogenarians exhibit quality of life improvement but increased morbidity after paraesophageal hernia repair.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

10-4-2019

Publication Title

American journal of surgery

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The benefit of elective laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair (eLPEHR) in the elderly is unclear. This study compared quality of life and symptom resolution and morbidity after eLPEHR between octogenarians and younger patients.

METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted comparing octogenarians (n = 23) to younger patients (n = 162) undergoing eLPEHR. Primary outcomes were pre and post-operative disease-specific quality of life (GERD-HRQL) and symptom scales (GERSS) and post-operative morbidity and length of stay (LOS).

RESULTS: Octogenarians presented with higher ASA and lower preoperative BMI. Compared to controls, octogenarians exhibited higher overall morbidity (34.8% vs 16.1%, p = 0.03), including cardiac events (8.7% vs 0.6%) and mortality (8.7% vs 0%), and longer LOS (3 vs 2 days, p < 0.005). Post-operative reduction in GERD-HRQL/GERSS scores was comparable between groups.

CONCLUSION: Octogenarians who undergo eLPEHR exhibit significant improvement in quality of life and symptom burden but may experience increased morbidity, suggesting a role for watchful waiting in this population.

SUMMARY: Symptom burden, quality of life, and immediate post-operative morbidity was compared between octogenarians and younger patients undergoing elective laparoscopic paraesophageal hernia repair at a single institution. While exhibiting comparable post-operative improvement in symptom burden and quality of life, octogenarians experience higher post-operative morbidity. This may suggest a role for watchful waiting in the elderly population.

Clinical Institute

Digestive Health

Department

Surgery

Department

Geriatrics

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