The Negative Impact of Body Mass Index on the Tumor Microenvironment in Colon Cancer: Results of a Prospective Trial.
Annals of surgical oncology : the official journal of the Society of Surgical Oncology
BACKGROUND: The association between tumor mismatch repair status and obesity in colon cancer is not well understood. The authors of this study hypothesized that mismatch repair deficiency in colon cancer may be associated with a lower Body Mass Index (BMI) and improved patient outcome due to an enhanced tumor immune microenvironment.
METHODS: For this study, 70 patients were randomly selected from a prospective trial evaluating nodal ultrastaging for colon cancer. The mismatch repair status of tumors and immunomarker expression were correlated with clinicopathologic characteristics and evaluated for disease-free survival.
RESULTS: Patients with mismatch repair-deficient tumors (n = 11) had a lower mean BMI than those with mismatch repair-proficient tumors (n = 59) (22.16 vs. 26.30 kg/m
CONCLUSIONS: Tumor mismatch repair status and obesity are correlated in patients with colon cancer. Increased intratumoral T cells in nonobese patients suggests an unexplored link between tumor mismatch repair and immunoprofile.
Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Flaherty, Devin C; Jalas, John R; Sim, Myung S; Stojadinovic, Alexander; Protic, Mladjan; Lee, Delphine J; and Bilchik, Anton J, "The Negative Impact of Body Mass Index on the Tumor Microenvironment in Colon Cancer: Results of a Prospective Trial." (2018). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 257.