J Clin Med
Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a rare cerebrovascular disorder characterized by occlusion of bilateral internal carotid and intracerebral arteries with the compensatory growth of fragile small vessels. MMD patients develop recurrent infarctions in the basal ganglia and subcortical regions. Symptoms include transient ischemic attack or stroke, seizures, and headaches, which may occur suddenly or in a stepwise progression. Mutations in Ring Finger Protein 213 (
Institute for Systems Biology
Lee, Ming-Jen; Fallen, Shannon; Zhou, Yong; Baxter, David; Scherler, Kelsey; Kuo, Meng-Fai; and Wang, Kai, "The Impact of Moyamoya Disease and" (2019). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 2529.