Diaphragmatic Pacing: Is There a Benefit?
Surgical technology international
The diaphragm is the primary muscle of respiration and its injury can cause diaphragm dysfunction and respiratory deficits. Respiratory compromise has historically been managed with mechanical ventilation, however, its use has also been shown to result in poor functional outcomes. Therefore, stimulation of the phrenic nerve, called diaphragm pacing, has been used to replace and/or delay the need for mechanical ventilation. This article will review the relevant literature on diaphragm pacing, discuss the physiology of diaphragm dysfunction in a variety of patient populations, and address whether diaphragm pacing is a valuable and effective option for treatment of respiratory failure.
Hill, Terra M and Onugha, Osita, "Diaphragmatic Pacing: Is There a Benefit?" (2019). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 2488.