Release of Cell-free MicroRNA Tumor Biomarkers into the Blood Circulation with Pulsed Focused Ultrasound: A Noninvasive, Anatomically Localized, Molecular Liquid Biopsy.
Animals; Biomarkers, Tumor; Biopsy; Disease Models, Animal; High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound Ablation; Male; MicroRNAs; Prostate; Prostatic Neoplasms; Rats
Purpose To compare the abilities of three pulsed focused ultrasound regimes (that cause tissue liquefaction, permeabilization, or mild heating) to release tumor-derived microRNA into the circulation in vivo and to evaluate release dynamics. Materials and Methods All rat experiments were approved by the University of Washington Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee. Reverse-transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction array profiling was used to identify candidate microRNA biomarkers in a rat solid tumor cell line. Rats subcutaneously grafted with these cells were randomly assigned among three pulsed focused ultrasound treatment groups: (a) local tissue liquefaction via boiling histotripsy, (b) tissue permeabilization via inertial cavitation, and (c) mild (
Institute for Systems Biology
Chevillet, John R; Khokhlova, Tatiana D; Giraldez, Maria D; Schade, George R; Starr, Frank; Wang, Yak-Nam; Gallichotte, Emily N; Wang, Kai; Hwang, Joo Ha; and Tewari, Muneesh, "Release of Cell-free MicroRNA Tumor Biomarkers into the Blood Circulation with Pulsed Focused Ultrasound: A Noninvasive, Anatomically Localized, Molecular Liquid Biopsy." (2017). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 2437.