Metoprolol for the Prevention of Acute Exacerbations of COPD.
The New England journal of medicine
BACKGROUND: Observational studies suggest that beta-blockers may reduce the risk of exacerbations and death in patients with moderate or severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but these findings have not been confirmed in randomized trials.
METHODS: In this prospective, randomized trial, we assigned patients between the ages of 40 and 85 years who had COPD to receive either a beta-blocker (extended-release metoprolol) or placebo. All the patients had a clinical history of COPD, along with moderate airflow limitation and an increased risk of exacerbations, as evidenced by a history of exacerbations during the previous year or the prescribed use of supplemental oxygen. We excluded patients who were already taking a beta-blocker or who had an established indication for the use of such drugs. The primary end point was the time until the first exacerbation of COPD during the treatment period, which ranged from 336 to 350 days, depending on the adjusted dose of metoprolol.
RESULTS: A total of 532 patients underwent randomization. The mean (±SD) age of the patients was 65.0±7.8 years; the mean forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV
CONCLUSIONS: Among patients with moderate or severe COPD who did not have an established indication for beta-blocker use, the time until the first COPD exacerbation was similar in the metoprolol group and the placebo group. Hospitalization for exacerbation was more common among the patients treated with metoprolol. (Funded by the Department of Defense; BLOCK COPD ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02587351.).
Dransfield, Mark T; Voelker, Helen; Bhatt, Surya P; Brenner, Keith; Casaburi, Richard; Come, Carolyn E; Cooper, J Allen D; Criner, Gerard J; Curtis, Jeffrey L; Han, MeiLan K; Hatipoğlu, Umur; Helgeson, Erika S; Jain, Vipul V; Kalhan, Ravi; Kaminsky, David; Kaner, Robert; Kunisaki, Ken M; Lambert, Allison A.; Lammi, Matthew R; Lindberg, Sarah; Make, Barry J; Martinez, Fernando J; McEvoy, Charlene; Panos, Ralph J; Reed, Robert M; Scanlon, Paul D; Sciurba, Frank C; Smith, Anthony; Sriram, Peruvemba S; Stringer, William W; Weingarten, Jeremy A; Wells, J Michael; Westfall, Elizabeth; Lazarus, Stephen C; and Connett, John E, "Metoprolol for the Prevention of Acute Exacerbations of COPD." (2019). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 2419.