Inflammatory Mechanisms as New Biomarkers and Therapeutic Targets for Diabetic Kidney Disease.
Biomarkers; Chemokines; Cytokines; Diabetic kidney disease; Inflammation
Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is the leading cause of CKD and end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) worldwide. Approximately 30-40% of people with diabetes develop this microvascular complication, placing them at high risk of losing kidney function as well as of cardiovascular events, infections, and death. Current therapies are ineffective for arresting kidney disease progression and mitigating risks of comorbidities and death among patients with DKD. As the global count of people with diabetes will soon exceed 400 million, the need for effective and safe treatment options for complications such as DKD becomes ever more urgent. Recently, the understanding of DKD pathogenesis has evolved to recognize inflammation as a major underlying mechanism of kidney damage. In turn, inflammatory mediators have emerged as potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets for DKD. Phase 2 clinical trials testing inhibitors of monocyte-chemotactic protein-1 chemokine C-C motif-ligand 2 and the Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription pathway, in particular, have produced promising results.
Kidney & Diabetes
Advances in chronic kidney disease
Alicic, Radica; Johnson, Emily J.; and Tuttle, Katherine R., "Inflammatory Mechanisms as New Biomarkers and Therapeutic Targets for Diabetic Kidney Disease." (2018). All Publications. 219.