Compassionate use of cefiderocol in the treatment of an intraabdominal infection due to multidrug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa: A case report.
Multidrug resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections often represent a therapeutic challenge requiring utilization of older, more toxic antibiotics or new agents with limited data. Once susceptibility to β-lactam and fluoroquinolone antibiotics has been lost, other therapeutic options such as aminoglycoside or polymyxin antibiotics carry significant adverse effects such as nephrotoxicity, neurotoxicity, and ototoxicity. A novel cephalosporin, cefiderocol, lacks gram-positive and anaerobic activity, but offers broad coverage of gram-negative bacteria, including P. aeruginosa. A unique catechol side chain gives it activity as a siderophore thereby increasing bacterial uptake and decreasing efflux. Additionally, cefiderocol is stable against a wide array of β-lactamases. Despite these promising characteristics, there is minimal data currently available in the literature detailing the use of cefiderocol in the treatment of MDR P. aeruginosa infections. We present a case of a 46-year-old male who developed a MDR P. aeruginosa intraabdominal infection where serious and life-threatening toxicities to aminoglycosides and polymyxin antibiotics led to the utilization of cefiderocol on compassionate use approval. The isolate was susceptible to cefiderocol, and the patient was treated for 28 days of therapy. He demonstrated clinical and radiographic resolution of his infection and was discharged to home.
Stevens, Ryan W and Clancy, Megan, "Compassionate use of cefiderocol in the treatment of an intraabdominal infection due to multidrug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa: A case report." (2019). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 2134.