Translating Improvements with Ixekizumab in Clinical Trial Outcomes into Clinical Practice: ASAS40, Pain, Fatigue, and Sleep in Ankylosing Spondylitis.
INTRODUCTION: Ixekizumab, a humanized interleukin-17A antibody, has shown efficacy in ankylosing spondylitis (AS), with a greater proportion of ixekizumab-treated patients achieving an ASAS40 (Assessment of Spondyloarthritis International Society 40) endpoint compared to placebo. An ASAS40 response is a high standard that is not routinely used in clinical practice. The goals of this study were (a) to measure improvement in ixekizumab-treated patients in the four ASAS treatment response domains and in other patient-reported outcomes, and (b) to determine how the ASAS response was associated with changes in spinal pain at night, fatigue, sleep, and the Short Form 36-Item Physical Component Summary (SF-36 PCS).
METHODS: The COAST-V and COAST-W trials were randomized, double-blind, controlled trials examining ixekizumab efficacy in patients with AS who were biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (bDMARD)-naïve and tumor necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi)-experienced, respectively. Data for the ASAS treatment response domains and other outcomes were collected through 16 weeks. Comparisons between treatment groups were made using a mixed-effects model for repeated measures. To determine how the ASAS response was associated with the changes in spinal pain at night, fatigue, sleep, and SF-36 PCS, comparisons were made between patient groups according to their level of treatment response (ASAS40 vs. ASAS20 vs. ASAS20 nonresponse) using analysis of covariance.
RESULTS: Compared with placebo, patients treated with ixekizumab reported significantly greater improvement in the four ASAS treatment response domains and other outcomes (p < 0.05). Results were consistent for bDMARD-naïve and TNFi-experienced patients. Compared to ASAS20 nonresponders, patients who achieved ASAS40 reported significantly greater mean changes in spinal pain at night (1.0 vs. 5.1 for bDMARD-naïve; 0.5 vs. 5.4 for TNFi-experienced), fatigue (0.6 vs. 3.8 for bDMARD-naïve; 0.2 vs. 3.9 for TNFi-experienced), sleep quality (1.1 vs. 4.0 for bDMARD-naïve; 0.8 vs. 4.9 for TNFi-experienced), and SF-36 PCS (2.6 vs. 11.6 for bDMARD-naïve; 1.2 vs. 12.6 for TNFi-experienced) (p < 0.0001).
CONCLUSION: Patients with AS who were treated with ixekizumab reported greater improvements in multiple patient-reported outcomes than patients who received placebo. Importantly, achieving ASAS40 was associated with a 2.6-fold to 5.3-fold greater improvement in pain, fatigue, sleep, and quality of life for bDMARD-naïve patients, and a 5.1-fold to 18.5-fold greater improvement for TNFi-experienced patients, compared to ASAS20 nonresponders.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifiers: NCT02696785 and NCT02696798.
FUNDING: Eli Lilly and Company.
Orthopedics & Sports Medicine
Mease, Philip; Walsh, Jessica A; Baraliakos, Xenofon; Inman, Robert; de Vlam, Kurt; Wei, James Cheng-Chung; Hunter, Theresa; Gallo, Gaia; Sandoval, David; Zhao, Fangyi; Dong, Yan; Bolce, Rebecca; and Marzo-Ortega, Helena, "Translating Improvements with Ixekizumab in Clinical Trial Outcomes into Clinical Practice: ASAS40, Pain, Fatigue, and Sleep in Ankylosing Spondylitis." (2019). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 1917.