J Vis Surg
Heller myotomy; Per oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM); achalasia; minimally invasive
Achalasia is an acquired neuromuscular disorder that has been treated using a variety of modalities throughout medical history. Recently, the technique of per oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) was introduced to treat the disease using a truly minimally invasive, natural orifice technique that is rapidly being adopted across the world. This review outlines the development of POEM, the technique itself, and gives a comparison to other procedures, specifically laparoscopic Heller myotomy (LHM).
Smith, Shane P and Louie, Brian E, "The current state of per oral endoscopic myotomy for achalasia." (2017). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 1774.