Genomic characteristics of deleterious BRCA1 and BRCA2 alterations and associations with baseline clinical factors in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) enrolled in TRITON2
2019 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting; Chicago, Ilinois, United States
Metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer; Cancer genomics; Cell free DNA; Prostate specific antigen; Orchiectomy; DNA damage; Allele frequency
Background: The phase 2 TRITON2 study (NCT02952534) is evaluating the PARP inhibitor rucaparib in patients with mCRPC who have a deleterious germline or somatic alteration in BRCA (BRCA1 or BRCA2) or 1 of 13 other DNA damage repair genes. Here we present analyses of tumor genomics and baseline clinical characteristics in mCRPC patients with a deleterious alteration in BRCA.
Methods: Plasma (baseline) and tissue (archival or baseline) samples from patients with a deleterious alteration in BRCAwere analyzed using Foundation Medicine next-generation sequencing assays. The alterations and zygosity of the alterations that were detected, as well as the somatic/germline status from Color Genomics testing, were summarized. Associations between genomic alterations, DNA yield, allele frequency, and baseline clinical characteristics were investigated.
Results: Results are shown in the Table for a cohort of 40 BRCA2 and 5 BRCA1 patients enrolled in TRITON2 (Abida W et al. Presented at ESMO 2018. Abst 793PD). A biallelic alteration was observed in 21 of the 22 BRCA2 patients (95%) for whom alteration zygosity could be determined. Among the 5 BRCA1 patients, 1 alteration was monoallelic and 4 were of unknown zygosity. Co-occurring alterations in cancer-related or DNA damage repair genes were observed in many patients with BRCA alterations. At baseline, cell-free DNA (cfDNA) yield correlated positively with the sum of target lesions (STL; P= 0.04), but not with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels (P= 0.86). No correlation was observed between allele frequency of the BRCA alteration baseline STL (P= 0.68) or PSA levels (P= 0.97).
Conclusions: Patients with a BRCA mutation enrolled in TRITON2 demonstrate a profile of genomic alterations consistent with that of prior studies of patients with mCRPC. Plasma cfDNA profiling showed a correlation between baseline cfDNA yield and measurable tumor burden, but not baseline PSA. Clinical trial information: NCT02952534
Abida, Wassim; Bryce, Alan Haruo; Vogelzang, Nicholas J.; Amato, Robert J.; Percent, Ivor John; Shapiro, Jeremy David; McDermott, Raymond S.; Hussain, Arif; Patnaik, Akash; Petrylak, Daniel Peter; Ryan, Charles J.; Stanton, Thomas; Zhang, Jingsong; Loehr, Andrea; Simmons, Andrew; Despain, Darrin; Golsorkhi, Anthony A.; Watkins, Simon Paul; Scher, Howard I.; and Chowdhury, Simon, "Genomic characteristics of deleterious BRCA1 and BRCA2 alterations and associations with baseline clinical factors in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) enrolled in TRITON2" (2019). Articles, Abstracts, and Reports. 1382.