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Submissions from 2019

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The Great Auricular Nerve: Anatomical Study with Application to Nerve Grafting Procedures., Juan Altafulla, Joe Iwanaga, Stefan Lachkar, Joshua Prickett, Graham Dupont, Emre Yilmaz, Basem Ishak, Zachary Litvack, and R Shane Tubbs

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Neck movement during cervical transforaminal epidural injections and the position of the vertebral artery: an anatomical study., Juan J Altafulla, Emre Yilmaz, Stefan Lachkar, Joe Iwanaga, Jacob Peacock, Zachary Litvack, and R Shane Tubbs

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Report of an inferior rectal nerve variant arising from the S3 ventral ramus., Graham Dupont, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Gerber's Ligament-A Forgotten Structure of the Craniocervical Junction., Basem Ishak, Raja Gnanadev, Graham Dupont, Shogo Kikuta, Juan Altafulla, Joe Iwanaga, and R Shane Tubbs

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Anatomical study of superior cluneal nerves: Revisiting the contribution of the lumbar spinal nerves., Joe Iwanaga, Emily Simonds, Maia Schumacher, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Synchronous recurrence of concurrent colon adenocarcinoma and dedifferentiated liposarcoma., Eric E Jung, F Scott Heinemann, Colt A Egelston, Jennifer Wang, Raphael E Pollock, Peter P Lee, and William W Tseng

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Untreated incomplete isolated cleft palate: cadaveric findings., Shogo Kikuta, Joe Iwanaga, Jingo Kusukawa, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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A new variant ligament of the atlantooccipital joint: the lateral oblique atlantooccipital ligament., Shogo Kikuta, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Risk Factors Associated with Lifespan in Pet Dogs Evaluated in Primary Care Veterinary Hospitals., Silvan R Urfer, Mansen Wang, Mingyin Yang, Elizabeth M Lund, and Sandra L Lefebvre

Submissions from 2018

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Clear cell carcinoma of the pelvic side wall arising from endometriosis., Lisa N Abaid, John S Cupp, Miles Chang, Steven R Beanes, and Bram H Goldstein

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An Unusual Variation of the Accessory Nerve., Yusuf Alimi, Joe Iwanaga, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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An Unusual Back Muscle Identified Bilaterally: Case Report., Juan J Altafulla, Mayank Patel, R Shane Tubbs, Joe Iwanaga, and Zachary Litvack

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A Median Artery of the Corpus Callosum., Juan J Altafulla, Emily A Simonds, Graham Dupont, Stefan Lachkar, Zachary Litvack, Joe Iwanaga, and R Shane Tubbs

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Does the Venus de Milo have a Spinal Deformity?, Kevlian Andrew, Joe Iwanaga, Marios Loukas, Jens Chapman, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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A Variant Origin of the Carotid Sinus Nerve., Kevlian Andrew, Joe Iwanaga, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Comprehensive Review of Spinal Neurenteric Cysts with a Focus on Histopathological Findings., Woong Kee Baek, Stefan Lachkar, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, W Jerry Oakes, and R Shane Tubbs

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The Deep Fascia of the Forearm and the Ulnar Nerve: An Anatomical Study., Paul J Choi, Chidinma Nwaogbe, Joe Iwanaga, Georgi P Georgiev, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Ophthalmic Artery Aneurysm in a Cadaver: Case Report., Dominic Dalip, Joe Iwanaga, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Review of the Variations of the Superficial Veins of the Neck., Dominic Dalip, Joe Iwanaga, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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A Comprehensive Review of the Fabella Bone., Dominic Dalip, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Bilateral sternocleidomastoid variant with six distinct insertions along the superior nuchal line., Graham Dupont, Joe Iwanaga, Juan J Altafulla, Stefan Lachkar, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Pelvic Kidney: A Review of the Literature., Seif Eid, Joe Iwanaga, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Correction to: Ventriculosubgaleal shunting-a comprehensive review and over two-decade surgical experience., Seif Eid, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, W Jerry Oakes, and R Shane Tubbs

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Bifid Xiphoid Process: Case Report and Review., Seif Eid, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, and R Shane Tubbs

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Comprehensive Review of the Cardinal Ligament., Seif Eid, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, and R Shane Tubbs

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A new superficial landmark for the odontoid process: a cadaveric study., Christian Fisahn, Michael J Montalbano, Joe Iwanaga, Marc Moisi, Marios Loukas, Jens R Chapman, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Histochemistry in the diagnosis of non-neoplastic gastrointestinal disorders., Patrick L Fitzgibbons

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In Reply., Patrick L Fitzgibbons and Mary Kay Washington

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The Negative Impact of Body Mass Index on the Tumor Microenvironment in Colon Cancer: Results of a Prospective Trial., Devin C Flaherty, John R Jalas, Myung S Sim, Alexander Stojadinovic, Mladjan Protic, Delphine J Lee, and Anton J Bilchik

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Pathologists' Use of Second Opinions in Interpretation of Melanocytic Cutaneous Lesions: Policies, Practices, and Perceptions., Berta M Geller, Paul D Frederick, Stevan R Knezevich, Jason P Lott, Heidi D Nelson, Linda J Titus, Patricia A Carney, Anna N A Tosteson, Tracy L Onega, Raymond L Barnhill, Martin A Weinstock, David E Elder, Michael W Piepkorn, and Joann G Elmore

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Henle's Ligament: A Comprehensive Review of Its Anatomy and Terminology over Almost One and a Half Centuries., Raja Gnanadev, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, and R Shane Tubbs

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Myxopapillary ependymoma with anaplastic features: A case report with review of the literature., Tridu R Huynh, Conrad Lu, Doniel Drazin, and Gregory Lekovic

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Anatomical Study of the Lingual Nerve and Inferior Alveolar Nerve in the Pterygomandibular Space: Complications of the Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block., Joe Iwanaga, Paul J Choi, Marc Vetter, Mayank Patel, Shogo Kikuta, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Anatomical study of the palatine aponeurosis: application to posterior palatal seal of the complete maxillary denture., Joe Iwanaga, Junta Kido, Marcin Lipski, Iwona M Tomaszewska, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski, Jerzy A Walocha, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Anatomical study of the so-called "retromolar gland": Distinguishing normal anatomy from oral cavity pathology., Joe Iwanaga, Ken Nakamura, Fernando Alonso, Christie Kirkpatrick, Rod J Oskouian, Koichi Watanabe, and R Shane Tubbs

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Clinical Anatomy of Blockade of the Pterygopalatine Ganglion: Literature Review and Pictorial Tour Using Cadaveric Images., Joe Iwanaga, Charlotte Wilson, Emily Simonds, Marc Vetter, Cameron Schmidt, Emre Yilmaz, Paul J Choi, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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A Cadaveric Case of a Circular Torcular Herophili., Sasha Lake, Juan J Altafulla, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, and R Shane Tubbs

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The Incisive Canal: A Comprehensive Review., Sasha Lake, Joe Iwanaga, Shogo Kikuta, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, and R Shane Tubbs

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Variations of the Transverse Sinus: Review with an Unusual Case Report., Chrissie Massrey, Juan J Altafulla, Joe Iwanaga, Zachary Litvack, Basem Ishak, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, and R Shane Tubbs

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Variant of the Anconeus Epitrochlearis Muscle: A Case Report., Chrissie Massrey, Joe Iwanaga, Basem Ishak, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, and R Shane Tubbs

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The Lifecycle of an Evidence-Based Laboratory Practice Guideline: Origin, Update, Affirmation, and Impact!, Raouf Nakhleh, Patrick L Fitzgibbons, Jan A Nowak, Robert M Najarian, David F Keren, Terence J Colgan, Carol Colasacco, and Lisa A Fatheree

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Some of the earliest depictions of the human spine: a glimpse into European history., Peter C Oakes, Christina Kirkpatrick, Jens R Chapman, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Accuracy of Digital Pathologic Analysis vs Traditional Microscopy in the Interpretation of Melanocytic Lesions., Tracy Onega, Raymond L Barnhill, Michael W Piepkorn, Gary M Longton, David E Elder, Martin A Weinstock, Stevan R Knezevich, Lisa M Reisch, Patricia A Carney, Heidi D Nelson, Andrea C Radick, and Joann G Elmore

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Communication Between a Dorsal and Ventral Ramus: A Conflict for Traditional Anatomical Teaching., Mayank Patel, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Tendinous Inscriptions of the Rectus Abdominis: A Comprehensive Review., Rabjot Rai, Lilian C Azih, Joe Iwanaga, Marios Loukas, Martin Mortazavi, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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The Tentorium Cerebelli: A Comprehensive Review Including Its Anatomy, Embryology, and Surgical Techniques., Rabjot Rai, Joe Iwanaga, Gaffar Shokouhi, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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A comprehensive review of the clivus: anatomy, embryology, variants, pathology, and surgical approaches., Rabjot Rai, Joe Iwanaga, Ghaffar Shokouhi, Marios Loukas, Martin M Mortazavi, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Additional Attachment of the Semitendinosus and Gracilis Muscles to the Crural Fascia: A Review and Case Illustration., Asad Rizvi, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, and R Shane Tubbs

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Wormian Bone of the Orbit: A Case Report., Asad Rizvi, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, and R Shane Tubbs

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Let's Get a Hand on this: Review of the Clinical Anatomy of "Knuckle Cracking"., Asad Rizvi, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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The Paramastoid Process: A Literature Review of its Anatomy and Clinical Implications., Maia Schumacher, Emre Yilmaz, Joe Iwanaga, Rod Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Large pseudoencapsulated subcutaneous angiomyxoma: Surgical management., Christine M Shaver, Steven E Kolker, and Richard G Bennett

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Treatment of Arrow Wounds: A Review., Rafik Shereen, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, and R Shane Tubbs

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May-Thurner Syndrome Variant Identified in a Cadaver: First Reported Case., Emily Simonds, Mayank Patel, Marc Vetter, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Gastric hibernoma: a novel location and presentation of a rare tumor., Shane P Smith, Andrew F Feczko, Matias Mihura, Jey-Hsin Chen, and Alexander S Farivar

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Selected Case From the Arkadi M. Rywlin International Pathology Slide Seminar: Atypical Thymoma With Rhabdomyomatous Differentiation., David Suster, Howard D Epstein, Daryl Pearlstein, and Saul Suster

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A robust ex vivo experimental platform for molecular-genetic dissection of adult human neocortical cell types and circuits., Jonathan T Ting, Brian Kalmbach, Peter Chong, Rebecca de Frates, C Dirk Keene, Ryder P Gwinn, Charles Cobbs, Andrew L Ko, Jeffrey G Ojemann, Richard G Ellenbogen, Christof Koch, and Ed Lein

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A Novel Microsurgical Procedure for Revascularization of the Vertebral Artery., Marc Vetter, Joe Iwanaga, Paul J Choi, Emre Yilmaz, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Resection of the largest reported hepatic small vessel neoplasm., Sarah Walcott-Sapp, Ephraim Tang, Sanjay Kakar, Jian Shen, and Paul Hansen

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The Conchal Vascular Foramen of the Posterior Auricular Artery: Application to Conchal Cartilage Grafting., Charlotte Wilson, Joe I Wanaga, Emily Simonds, Emre Yilmaz, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 Testing in Breast Cancer: American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists Clinical Practice Guideline Focused Update., Antonio C Wolff, M Elizabeth Hale Hammond, Kimberly H Allison, Brittany E Harvey, Pamela B Mangu, John M S Bartlett, Michael Bilous, Ian O Ellis, Patrick Fitzgibbons, Wedad Hanna, Robert B Jenkins, Michael F Press, Patricia A Spears, Gail H Vance, Giuseppe Viale, Lisa M McShane, and Mitchell Dowsett

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Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 Testing in Breast Cancer: American Society of Clinical Oncology/College of American Pathologists Clinical Practice Guideline Focused Update., Antonio C Wolff, M Elizabeth Hale Hammond, Kimberly H Allison, Brittany E Harvey, Pamela B Mangu, John M S Bartlett, Michael Bilous, Ian O Ellis, Patrick Fitzgibbons, Wedad Hanna, Robert B Jenkins, Michael F Press, Patricia A Spears, Gail H Vance, Giuseppe Viale, Lisa M McShane, and Mitchell Dowsett

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Tissue Specific Origin, Development, and Pathological Perspectives of Pericytes., Tomoko Yamazaki and Yoh-Suke Mukouyama

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Wound Closure After Posterior Multi-level Lumbar Spine Surgery: An Anatomical Cadaver Study and Technical Note., Emre Yilmaz, Tamir Tawfik, Thomas M O'Lynnger, Joe Iwanaga, Ronen Blecher, Amir Abdul-Jabbar, R Shane Tubbs, Cameron K Schmidt, Rod J Oskouian, and Jens R Chapman

Submissions from 2017

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The Subcostal Nerve During Lateral Approaches to the Lumbar Spine: An Anatomical Study with Relevance for Injury Avoidance and Postoperative Complications Such as Abdominal Wall Hernia., Fernando Alonso, Rachel Graham, Tarush Rustagi, Doniel Drazin, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, Jens R Chapman, and R Shane Tubbs

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The Corona Dentis: Description of an Anatomic Variant with Technical Implications for Anterior Odontoid Screw Placement., Fernando Alonso, Joe Iwanaga, Jens R Chapman, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Johann Gaspar Spurzheim: A Life Dedicated to Phrenology., Mohammad Bilal, Bryan Edwards, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) and his depictions of the human spine., Garvin Bowen, Jocelyn Gonzales, Joe Iwanaga, Christian Fisahn, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Hiding Within the Cracks: Case Report of Rare Sutural Bone Found at the Nasion., Bryan Edwards, Joy Mh Wang, Joe Iwanaga, Jennifer Luviano, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Pathologists' diagnosis of invasive melanoma and melanocytic proliferations: observer accuracy and reproducibility study., Joann G Elmore, Raymond L Barnhill, David E Elder, Gary M Longton, Margaret S Pepe, Lisa M Reisch, Patricia A Carney, Linda J Titus, Heidi D Nelson, Tracy Onega, Anna N A Tosteson, Martin A Weinstock, Stevan R Knezevich, and Michael W Piepkorn

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Multiparametric immune profiling in HPV- oral squamous cell cancer., Zipei Feng, Daniel Bethmann, Matthias Kappler, Carmen Ballesteros-Merino, Alexander Eckert, R Bryan Bell, Allen Cheng, Tuan Bui, Rom Leidner, Walter Urba, Kent Johnson, Clifford Hoyt, Carlo Bifulco, Juergen Bukur, Claudia Wickenhauser, Barbara Seliger, and Bernard A Fox

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A Previously Unreported Arterial Variant of the Suboccipital Region Based on Cadaveric Dissection., Christian Fisahn, Brittni Burgess, Joe Iwanaga, Fernando Alonso, Jens R Chapman, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Characteristics associated with requests by pathologists for second opinions on breast biopsies., Berta M Geller, Heidi D Nelson, Donald L Weaver, Paul D Frederick, Kimberly H Allison, Tracy Onega, Patricia A Carney, Anna N A Tosteson, and Joann G Elmore

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Multiple Large Perineural (Tarlov) Cysts in the Sacrum of a Cadaver: A Case Report and Review., Jocelyn Gonzales, Joe Iwanaga, Nitsa Topale, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Osborne's Ligament: A Review of its History, Anatomy, and Surgical Importance., Andre Granger, Juan P Sardi, Joe Iwanaga, Thomas J Wilson, Lynda Yang, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Injury to the Lumbar Plexus and its Branches After Lateral Fusion Procedures: A Cadaver Study., Peter Grunert, Doniel Drazin, Joe Iwanaga, Cameron Schmidt, Fernando Alonso, Marc Moisi, Jens R Chapman, Rod J Oskouian, and Richard Shane Tubbs

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New supplemental landmark for the greater palatine foramen as found deep to soft tissue: application for the greater palatine nerve block., Joe Iwanaga, Vlad Voin, Allen Ali Nasseh, Junta Kido, Teppei Tsukiyama, Yasuhiko Kamura, Tsuyoshi Tanaka, Christian Fisahn, Fernando Alonso, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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A Novel Method for Observation of the Mandibular Foramen: Application to a Better Understanding of Dental Anatomy., Joe Iwanaga, Koichi Watanabe, Tsuyoshi Saga, R Shane Tubbs, Kengo Tanaka, Shogo Kikuta, Yoko Tabira, Christian Fisahn, Yasuhiko Kamura, Jingo Kusukawa, and Koh-Ichi Yamaki

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Posterior arch C-1 screw technique: a cadaveric comparison study., Marc Moisi, Christian Fisahn, Lara Tkachenko, Shiveindra Jeyamohan, Stephen Reintjes, Peter Grunert, Daniel C Norvell, R Shane Tubbs, Jeni Page, David W Newell, Peter Nora, Rod J Oskouian, and Jens R Chapman

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The ancient Syrian physician Archigenes and his contributions to neurology and neuroanatomy., Michael James Montalbano, Amit Sharma, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, and R Shane Tubbs

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Meningocele manqué: a comprehensive review of this enigmatic finding in occult spinal dysraphism., Cameron Schmidt, Ellie Bryant, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, W Jerry Oakes, and R Shane Tubbs

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Nerve root anomalies: making sense of a complicated literature., Cameron K Schmidt, Tarush Rustagi, Fernando Alonso, Marios Loukas, Jens R Chapman, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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The First Histological Analysis of the Tissues Lining the Fossa Navicularis: Insights to its Etiology., Sarvenaz Sheikh, Joe Iwanaga, Steven Rostad, Tarush Rustagi, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Extraforaminal compression of the L5 nerve: An anatomical study with application to failed posterior decompressive procedures., R Shane Tubbs, Joe Iwanaga, Islam Aly, Marc D Moisi, David Hanscom, Jens R Chapman, Marios Loukas, and Rod J Oskouian

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Giant Arachnoid Granulation Associated with Anomalous Draining Vein: A Case Report., Randle Umeh, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, and R Shane Tubbs

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Relationship of the Median and Radial Nerves at the Elbow: Application to Avoiding Injury During Venipuncture or Other Invasive Procedures of the Cubital Fossa., Vlad Voin, Joe Iwanaga, Juan P Sardi, Christian Fisahn, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs