Our expanded team of specialists – many of whom completed fellowships and residencies at prestigious academic centers – offers comprehensive services for treating any condition of the brain, spine and nervous system. With nearly 50 subspecialties represented, we offer complex and minimally invasive surgery as well as ongoing care for pituitary and skull base tumors, stroke, peripheral nerve disease, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, ALS, epilepsy and more.

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Submissions from 2019

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Disaster Scenarios in Spine Surgery. A Survey Analysis., Amir Abdul-Jabbar, Emre Yilmaz, Christian Fisahn, Doniel Drazin, Ronen Blecher, Maninderdip Uppal, Brandi L Phernetton, Juan Altafulla, Rod J Oskouian, and Jens R Chapman

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Brain metastases., Achal Singh Achrol, Robert C Rennert, Carey Anders, Riccardo Soffietti, Manmeet S Ahluwalia, Lakshmi Nayak, Solange Peters, Nils D Arvold, Griffith R Harsh, Patricia S Steeg, and Steven D Chang

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The Great Auricular Nerve: Anatomical Study with Application to Nerve Grafting Procedures., Juan Altafulla, Joe Iwanaga, Stefan Lachkar, Joshua Prickett, Graham Dupont, Emre Yilmaz, Basem Ishak, Zachary Litvack, and R Shane Tubbs

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Ectopic Pituitary Adenoma Presenting as a Clival Mass., Juan J Altafulla, Joshua Prickett, Graham Dupont, R Shane Tubbs, and Zachary Litvack

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Neck movement during cervical transforaminal epidural injections and the position of the vertebral artery: an anatomical study., Juan J Altafulla, Emre Yilmaz, Stefan Lachkar, Joe Iwanaga, Jacob Peacock, Zachary Litvack, and R Shane Tubbs

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A proposed definition of remission from chronic pain, based on retrospective evaluation of 24-month outcomes with spinal cord stimulation., Kasra Amirdelfan, Bradford E Gliner, Leonardo Kapural, B Todd Sitzman, Ricardo Vallejo, Cong Yu, David Caraway, Anand Rotte, Rose Province-Azalde, and Elliot Krames

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Regional Stroke Program Coordinator Nurses Standardize EMS Feedback Utilizing Kurt Lewin’s Change Model, Molly Archer, Megan Fuller, Kailey Cox, and Natalie Swearingen

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Outcomes and Characteristics of Large Vessel Occlusion Patients in a Multi-Hospital System with National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) ≤ 5 Treated with Endovascular Thrombectomy vs Medical Management, Steven Augustine, Lindsay Lucas, Elizabeth Baraban, and Jason Tarpley

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A Binding Potency Assay for Pritumumab and Ecto-Domain Vimentin., Ivan Babic, Santosh Kesari, and Mark C Glassy

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Fast and Furious: Stroke Update 2019, Mary Kay Bader

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Managing Severe TBI in the ICU Setting using a Three Tier Approach, Mary Kay Bader

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Technology: Inside the Black Box -- Managing Neuro Patients, Mary Kay Bader

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Temperature Management: All Shook Up! Managing Shivering In Normothermia, Mary Kay Bader

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Clinical Q & A: Translating Therapeutic Temperature Management from Theory to Practice., Mary Kay Bader, Patricia A Blissitt, Leslie A Hamilton, and Nicole Kupchik

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Clinical Q & A: Translating Therapeutic Temperature Management from Theory to Practice., Mary Kay Bader, Stephen A Figueroa, Claranne Mathiesen, Patricia A Blissitt, Mary M Guanci, Leslie A Hamilton, Liz Fox, and Teresa Wavra

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Rathke's cleft cysts: a 6-year experience of surgery vs. observation with comparative volumetric analysis., Garni Barkhoudarian, Sheri K Palejwala, Shaheryar Ansari, Amy Eisenberg, Xiang Huang, Chester Griffiths, Pejman Cohan, Sarah Rettinger, Norman Lavin, and Daniel F Kelly

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Increase in Video Evaluations but Not Complications Over Time in a Large Stroke Network, Archit Bhatt, Elizabeth Baraban, Leslie Corless, and Lindsay Lucas

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Correction to: The unexplained success of stentplasty vasospasm treatment : Insights using Mechanistic Mathematical Modeling., P Bhogal, G Pederzani, A Grytsan, Y Loh, P A Brouwer, T Andersson, Namrata Gundiah, Anne M Robertson, Paul N Watton, and Michael Söderman

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The unexplained success of stentplasty vasospasm treatment : Insights using Mechanistic Mathematical Modeling., P Bhogal, G Pederzani, A Grytsan, Y Loh, P A Brouwer, T Andersson, Namrata Gundiah, Anne M Robertson, Paul N Watton, and Michael Söderman

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Contact Sports as a Risk Factor for Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: A Systematic Review., Ronen Blecher, Michael A Elliott, Emre Yilmaz, Joseph R Dettori, Rod J Oskouian, Akil P Patel, Andrew Clarke, Mike Hutton, Robert McGuire, Robert Dunn, John DeVine, Bruce Twaddle, and Jens R Chapman

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Indicators for Nonroutine Discharge Following Cervical Deformity-Corrective Surgery: Radiographic, Surgical, and Patient-Related Factors., Cole A Bortz, Peter G Passias, Frank Segreto, Samantha R Horn, Virginie Lafage, Justin S Smith, Breton Line, Gregory M Mundis, Khaled M Kebaish, Michael P Kelly, Themistocles Protopsaltis, Daniel M Sciubba, Alexandra Soroceanu, Eric O Klineberg, Douglas C Burton, Robert A Hart, Frank J Schwab, Shay Bess, Christopher I Shaffrey, and Christopher P Ames

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Stereotactic registration using cone-beam computed tomography., Jonathan Dennis Carlson

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Deep Brain Stimulation Generator Replacement in End-Stage Parkinson Disease., Jonathan Dennis Carlson, Meghan Palmer, Aiden Hoefer, Emily J Cox, Pam McLeod, Jamie Mark, and Jason Aldred

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Editorial Perspective., Jens R Chapman

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So Dramatic They Could Never Be Overlooked: History of Pediatric Neuromyelitis Optica., Alison Christy

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Acute Flaccid Myelitis Associated With Enterovirus D68: A Review., Alison Christy and Kevin Messacar

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Mifepristone Treatment in Four Cases of Primary Bilateral Macronodular Adrenal Hyperplasia (BMAH)., Pejman Cohan, Honey E East, Sandi-Jo Galati, Kelley J Moloney, Precious J Lim, Michele Lamerson, James J Smith, Anne L Peters, and Kevin C J Yuen

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Reducing return of disease activity in patients with relapsing multiple sclerosis transitioned from natalizumab to teriflunomide: 12-month interim results of teriflunomide therapy., Stanley Cohan, Keith Edwards, Lindsay Lucas, Tiffany Gervasi-Follmar, Judy O'Connor, Jessica Siuta, Vineetha Kamath, Lore Garten, Chiayi Chen, James Thomas, Kyle E Smoot, Kiren Kresa-Reahl, and Kateri J Spinelli

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Daclizumab: Mechanisms of Action, Therapeutic Efficacy, Adverse Events and Its Uncovering the Potential Role of Innate Immune System Recruitment as a Treatment Strategy for Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis., Stanley Cohan, Elisabeth B Lucassen, Meghan C Romba, and Stefanie N Linch

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Autologous Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation for Treatment-Refractory Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis: Position Statement from the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation., Jeffrey A Cohen, Laura E Baldassari, Harold L Atkins, J D Bowen, Christopher Bredeson, Paul A Carpenter, John R Corboy, Mark S Freedman, Linda M Griffith, Robert Lowsky, Navneet S Majhail, Paolo A Muraro, Richard A Nash, Marcelo C Pasquini, Stefanie Sarantopoulos, Bipin N Savani, Jan Storek, Keith M Sullivan, and George E Georges

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Standardized Code Stroke Inpatient Activation Process Resulted in Consistent Acute Stroke Evaluation Times Regardless of Primary Problem or Patient Location, Kailey Cox, Brandon Sheets, Alyx Lesko, Lindsay Lucas, Elizabeth Baraban, Ronda Chandler, and Diane Clark

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Longer follow-up continues to reveal no increased risk of cancer with the use of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein in spine fusion., Joseph R Dettori, Jens R Chapman, John G DeVine, Robert A McGuire, Mark R Junge, and Daniel C Norvell

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Report of an inferior rectal nerve variant arising from the S3 ventral ramus., Graham Dupont, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Down syndrome associated moyamoya may worsen epilepsy control and can benefit from surgical revascularization., Sarah R Garson, Stephen J Monteith, Sheila D Smith, Bart P Keogh, Ryder P Gwinn, and Michael J Doherty

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Congress of Neurological Surgeons Systematic Review and Evidence-Based Guidelines on the Use of Stereotactic Radiosurgery in the Treatment of Adults With Metastatic Brain Tumors., Jerome J Graber, Charles Cobbs, and Jeffrey J Olson

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Early Complications and Cement Leakage in Elderly Patients Who Have Undergone Intraoperative Computed Tomography (CT)-Guided Cement Augmented Pedicle Screw Placement: Eight-Year Single-Center Experience., Basem Ishak, Awais Akbar Bajwa, Till Schneider, R Shane Tubbs, Joe Iwanaga, Wyatt L Ramey, Andreas W Unterberg, and Karl L Kiening

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Gerber's Ligament-A Forgotten Structure of the Craniocervical Junction., Basem Ishak, Raja Gnanadev, Graham Dupont, Shogo Kikuta, Juan Altafulla, Joe Iwanaga, and R Shane Tubbs

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Nerve to mylohyoid branched from the lingual nerve: previously undescribed case., Joe Iwanaga, Shogo Kikuta, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Anatomical study of superior cluneal nerves: Revisiting the contribution of the lumbar spinal nerves., Joe Iwanaga, Emily Simonds, Maia Schumacher, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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An Inflammatory Landscape for Preoperative Neurologic Deficits in Glioblastoma., Amal Katrib, Hyun-Hwan Jeong, Nina L Fransen, Kristin S Henzel, and Jeremy A Miller

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Untreated incomplete isolated cleft palate: cadaveric findings., Shogo Kikuta, Joe Iwanaga, Jingo Kusukawa, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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A new variant ligament of the atlantooccipital joint: the lateral oblique atlantooccipital ligament., Shogo Kikuta, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Are there mortality risks for patients with epilepsy who use cannabis treatments as monotherapy?, Devon M Kollmyer, Kyla E Wright, Nicole M Warner, and Michael J Doherty

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Cytomegalovirus promotes murine glioblastoma growth via pericyte recruitment and angiogenesis., Harald Krenzlin, Prajna Behera, Viola Lorenz, Carmela Passaro, Mykola Zdioruk, Michal O Nowicki, Korneel Grauwet, Hong Zhang, Magdalena Skubal, Hirotaka Ito, Rachel Zane, Michael Gutknecht, Marion B Griessl, Franz Ricklefs, Lai Ding, Sharon Peled, Arun Rooj, C David James, Charles S Cobbs, Charles H Cook, E Antonio Chiocca, and Sean E Lawler

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Genetic meta-analysis of diagnosed Alzheimer's disease identifies new risk loci and implicates Aβ, tau, immunity and lipid processing., Brian W Kunkle, Benjamin Grenier-Boley, Rebecca Sims, Joshua C Bis, Vincent Damotte, Adam C Naj, Anne Boland, Maria Vronskaya, Sven J van der Lee, Alexandre Amlie-Wolf, Céline Bellenguez, Aura Frizatti, Vincent Chouraki, Eden R Martin, Kristel Sleegers, Nandini Badarinarayan, Johanna Jakobsdottir, Kara L Hamilton-Nelson, Sonia Moreno-Grau, Robert Olaso, Rachel Raybould, Yuning Chen, Amanda B Kuzma, Mikko Hiltunen, Taniesha Morgan, Shahzad Ahmad, Badri N Vardarajan, Jacques Epelbaum, Per Hoffmann, Merce Boada, Gary W Beecham, Jean-Guillaume Garnier, Denise Harold, Annette L Fitzpatrick, Otto Valladares, Marie-Laure Moutet, Amy Gerrish, Albert V Smith, Liming Qu, Delphine Bacq, Nicola Denning, Xueqiu Jian, Yi Zhao, Maria Del Zompo, Nick C Fox, Seung-Hoan Choi, Ignacio Mateo, Joseph T Hughes, Hieab H Adams, John Malamon, Florentino Sanchez-Garcia, Yogen Patel, Jennifer A Brody, Beth A Dombroski, Maria Candida Deniz Naranjo, Makrina Daniilidou, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Shubhabrata Mukherjee, David Wallon, James Uphill, Thor Aspelund, Laura B Cantwell, Fabienne Garzia, Daniela Galimberti, Edith Hofer, Mariusz Butkiewicz, Bertrand Fin, Elio Scarpini, Chloe Sarnowski, Will S Bush, Stéphane Meslage, Johannes Kornhuber, Charles C White, Yuenjoo Song, Robert C Barber, Sebastiaan Engelborghs, Sabrina Sordon, Dina Voijnovic, Perrie M Adams, Rik Vandenberghe, Manuel Mayhaus, L Adrienne Cupples, Marilyn S Albert, Peter P De Deyn, Wei Gu, Jayanadra J Himali, Duane Beekly, Alessio Squassina, Annette M Hartmann, Adelina Orellana, Deborah Blacker, Eloy Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Simon Lovestone, Melissa E Garcia, Rachelle S Doody, Carmen Munoz-Fernadez, Rebecca Sussams, Honghuang Lin, Thomas J Fairchild, Yolanda A Benito, Clive Holmes, Hata Karamujić-Čomić, Matthew P Frosch, Hakan Thonberg, Wolfgang Maier, Gena Roschupkin, Bernardino Ghetti, Vilmantas Giedraitis, Amit Kawalia, Shuo Li, Ryan M Huebinger, Lena Kilander, Susanne Moebus, Isabel Hernández, M Ilyas Kamboh, RoseMarie Brundin, James Turton, Qiong Yang, Mindy J Katz, Letizia Concari, Jenny Lord, Alexa S Beiser, C Dirk Keene, Seppo Helisalmi, Iwona Kloszewska, Walter A Kukull, Anne Maria Koivisto, Aoibhinn Lynch, Lluís Tarraga, Eric B Larson, Annakaisa Haapasalo, Brian Lawlor, Thomas H Mosley, Richard B Lipton, Vincenzo Solfrizzi, Michael Gill, W T Longstreth, Thomas J Montine, Vincenza Frisardi, Monica Diez-Fairen, Fernando Rivadeneira, Ronald C Petersen, Vincent Deramecourt, Ignacio Alvarez, Francesca Salani, Antonio Ciaramella, Eric Boerwinkle, Eric M Reiman, Nathalie Fievet, Jerome I Rotter, Joan S Reisch, Olivier Hanon, Chiara Cupidi, A G Andre Uitterlinden, Donald R Royall, Carole Dufouil, Raffaele Giovanni Maletta, Itziar de Rojas, Mary Sano, Alexis Brice, Roberta Cecchetti, Peter St George-Hyslop, Karen Ritchie, Magda Tsolaki, Debby W Tsuang, Bruno Dubois, David Craig, Chuang-Kuo Wu, Hilkka Soininen, Despoina Avramidou, Roger L Albin, Laura Fratiglioni, Antonia Germanou, Liana G Apostolova, Lina Keller, Maria Koutroumani, Steven E Arnold, Francesco Panza, Olymbia Gkatzima, Sanjay Asthana, Didier Hannequin, Patrice Whitehead, Craig S Atwood, Paolo Caffarra, Harald Hampel, Inés Quintela, Ángel Carracedo, Lars Lannfelt, David C Rubinsztein, Lisa L Barnes, Florence Pasquier, Lutz Frölich, Sandra Barral, Bernadette McGuinness, Thomas G Beach, Janet A Johnston, James T Becker, Peter Passmore, Eileen H Bigio, Jonathan M Schott, Thomas D Bird, Jason D Warren, Bradley F Boeve, Michelle K Lupton, J D Bowen, Petra Proitsi, Adam Boxer, John F Powell, James R Burke, John S K Kauwe, Jeffrey M Burns, Michelangelo Mancuso, Joseph D Buxbaum, Ubaldo Bonuccelli, Nigel J Cairns, Andrew McQuillin, Chuanhai Cao, Gill Livingston, Chris S Carlson, Nicholas J Bass, Cynthia M Carlsson, John Hardy, Regina M Carney, Jose Bras, Minerva M Carrasquillo, Rita Guerreiro, Mariet Allen, Helena C Chui, Elizabeth Fisher, Carlo Masullo, Elizabeth A Crocco, Charles DeCarli, Gina Bisceglio, Malcolm Dick, Li Ma, Ranjan Duara, Neill R Graff-Radford, Denis A Evans, Angela Hodges, Kelley M Faber, Martin Scherer, Kenneth B Fallon, Matthias Riemenschneider, David W Fardo, Reinhard Heun, Martin R Farlow, Heike Kölsch, Steven Ferris, Markus Leber, Tatiana M Foroud, Isabella Heuser, Douglas R Galasko, Ina Giegling, Marla Gearing, Michael Hüll, Daniel H Geschwind, John R Gilbert, John Morris, Robert C Green, Kevin Mayo, John H Growdon, Thomas Feulner, Ronald L Hamilton, Lindy E Harrell, Dmitriy Drichel, Lawrence S Honig, Thomas D Cushion, Matthew J Huentelman, Paul Hollingworth, Christine M Hulette, Bradley T Hyman, Rachel Marshall, Gail P Jarvik, Alun Meggy, Erin Abner, Georgina E Menzies, Lee-Way Jin, Ganna Leonenko, Luis M Real, Gyungah R Jun, Clinton T Baldwin, Detelina Grozeva, Anna Karydas, Giancarlo Russo, Jeffrey A Kaye, Ronald Kim, Frank Jessen, Neil W Kowall, Bruno Vellas, Joel H Kramer, Emma Vardy, Frank M LaFerla, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, James J Lah, Martin Dichgans, James B Leverenz, David Mann, Allan I Levey, Stuart Pickering-Brown, Andrew P Lieberman, Norman Klopp, Kathryn L Lunetta, H-Erich Wichmann, Constantine G Lyketsos, Kevin Morgan, Daniel C Marson, Kristelle Brown, Frank Martiniuk, Christopher Medway, Deborah C Mash, Markus M Nöthen, Eliezer Masliah, Nigel M Hooper, Wayne C McCormick, Antonio Daniele, Susan M McCurry, Anthony Bayer, Andrew N McDavid, John Gallacher, Ann C McKee, Hendrik van den Bussche, Marsel Mesulam, Carol Brayne, Bruce L Miller, Steffi Riedel-Heller, Carol A Miller, Joshua W Miller, Ammar Al-Chalabi, John C Morris, Christopher E Shaw, Amanda J Myers, Jens Wiltfang, Sid O'Bryant, John M Olichney, Victoria Alvarez, Joseph E Parisi, Andrew B Singleton, Henry L Paulson, John Collinge, William R Perry, Simon Mead, Elaine Peskind, David H Cribbs, Martin Rossor, Aimee Pierce, Natalie S Ryan, Wayne W Poon, Benedetta Nacmias, Huntington Potter, Sandro Sorbi, Joseph F Quinn, Eleonora Sacchinelli, Ashok Raj, Gianfranco Spalletta, Murray Raskind, Carlo Caltagirone, Paola Bossù, Maria Donata Orfei, Barry Reisberg, Robert Clarke, Christiane Reitz, A David Smith, John M Ringman, Donald Warden, Erik D Roberson, Gordon Wilcock, Ekaterina Rogaeva, Amalia Cecilia Bruni, Howard J Rosen, Maura Gallo, Roger N Rosenberg, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Mark A Sager, Patrizia Mecocci, Andrew J Saykin, Pau Pastor, Michael L Cuccaro, Jeffery M Vance, Julie A Schneider, Lori S Schneider, Susan Slifer, William W Seeley, Amanda G Smith, Joshua A Sonnen, Salvatore Spina, Robert A Stern, Russell H Swerdlow, Mitchell Tang, Rudolph E Tanzi, John Q Trojanowski, Juan C Troncoso, Vivianna M Van Deerlin, Linda J Van Eldik, Harry V Vinters, Jean Paul Vonsattel, Sandra Weintraub, Kathleen A Welsh-Bohmer, Kirk C Wilhelmsen, Jennifer Williamson, Thomas S Wingo, Randall L Woltjer, Clinton B Wright, Chang-En Yu, Lei Yu, Yasaman Saba, Alberto Pilotto, Maria J Bullido, Oliver Peters, Paul K Crane, David Bennett, Paola Bosco, Eliecer Coto, Virginia Boccardi, Phil L De Jager, Alberto Lleo, Nick Warner, Oscar L Lopez, Martin Ingelsson, Panagiotis Deloukas, Carlos Cruchaga, Caroline Graff, Rhian Gwilliam, Myriam Fornage, Alison M Goate, Pascual Sanchez-Juan, Patrick G Kehoe, Najaf Amin, Nilifur Ertekin-Taner, Claudine Berr, Stéphanie Debette, Seth Love, Lenore J Launer, Steven G Younkin, Jean-Francois Dartigues, Chris Corcoran, M Arfan Ikram, Dennis W Dickson, Gael Nicolas, Dominique Campion, JoAnn Tschanz, Helena Schmidt, Hakon Hakonarson, Jordi Clarimon, Ron Munger, Reinhold Schmidt, Lindsay A Farrer, Christine Van Broeckhoven, Michael C O'Donovan, Anita L DeStefano, Lesley Jones, Jonathan L Haines, Jean-Francois Deleuze, Michael J Owen, Vilmundur Gudnason, Richard Mayeux, Valentina Escott-Price, Bruce M Psaty, Alfredo Ramirez, Li-San Wang, Agustin Ruiz, Cornelia M van Duijn, Peter A Holmans, Sudha Seshadri, Julie Williams, Phillippe Amouyel, Gerard D Schellenberg, Jean-Charles Lambert, and Margaret A Pericak-Vance

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Results of a prospective multicenter controlled study comparing surgical outcomes of microscopic versus fully endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery for nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas: the Transsphenoidal Extent of Resection (TRANSSPHER) Study., Andrew S Little, Daniel F Kelly, William L White, Paul A Gardner, Juan C Fernandez-Miranda, Michael R Chicoine, Garni Barkhoudarian, James P Chandler, Daniel M Prevedello, Brandon D Liebelt, John Sfondouris, and Marc R Mayberg

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A Proposal to Add a New Dedicated Chapter in ICD-11: Disorders Related to Chronic Pain., Yan Lu, Jianguo Cheng, Ji-Sheng Han, Rollin M Mac Gallagher, Bi-Fa Fan, Yanqing Liu, Xue-Jun Song, Steven P Stanos, Tim J Lamer, Shengyuan Yu, Da-Ying Zhang, Zhi-Jian Fu, Xiaobin Yi, Xiao-Li Liu, Ke Ma, Yi Jin, Xiao-Qiu Yang, Dong Huang, Li-Zu Xiao, Zhi-Ying Feng, and Zhixiang Cheng

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Terminal Bleeding in Angiosarcoma., Jaya Mini Gill, Brian Madden, Janice Frost, Rebecca Crane-Okada, Robert L Hulsman, Kristen Elliott, and Marlon G Saria

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Real-World Characterization of Dimethyl Fumarate-Related Gastrointestinal Events in Multiple Sclerosis: Management Strategies to Improve Persistence on Treatment and Patient Outcomes., Jinny Min, Stanley Cohan, Enrique Alvarez, Jacob Sloane, J Theodore Phillips, Anneke van der Walt, Irene Koulinska, Fang Fang, Catherine Miller, and Andrew Chan

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Proposal and Validation of a Simple Grading Scale (TRANSSPHER Grade) for Predicting Gross Total Resection of Nonfunctioning Pituitary Macroadenomas After Transsphenoidal Surgery., Michael A Mooney, Christina E Sarris, James J Zhou, Garni Barkhoudarian, Michael R Chicoine, Juan C Fernandez-Miranda, Paul A Gardner, Douglas A Hardesty, Heidi Jahnke, Daniel F Kelly, Brandon D Liebelt, Marc R Mayberg, Daniel M Prevedello, John Sfondouris, John P Sheehy, James P Chandler, Kevin C J Yuen, William L White, and Andrew S Little

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A feasibility study of the Nativis Voyager, Michael Murphy, Anthony Dowling, Christopher Thien, Emma Priest, Donna Morgan Murray, and Santosh Kesari

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Effect of balloon guide catheter on clinical outcomes and reperfusion in Trevo thrombectomy., Thanh N Nguyen, Alicia C Castonguay, Raul G Nogueira, Diogo C Haussen, Joey D English, Sudhakar R Satti, Jennifer Chen, Hamed Farid, Candace Borders, Erol Veznedaroglu, Mandy J Binning, Ajit S Puri, Nirav A Vora, Ron F Budzik, Guilherme Dabus, Italo Linfante, Vallabh Janardhan, Amer Alshekhlee, Michael G Abraham, Randall C Edgell, M Asif Taqi, Ramy El Khoury, Maxim Mokin, Aniel Q Majjhoo, Mouhammed R Kabbani, Michael T Froehler, Ira Finch, Sameer A Ansari, Roberta Novakovic, Mohamad Abdalkader, and Osama O Zaidat

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Direct-Acting Oral Anticoagulants and Warfarin-Associated Intracerebral Hemorrhage Protocol Reduces Timing of Door to Correction Interventions., Rosemary C Olivier, Diane Gleeson, Claudia Skinner, Marysol Cacciata, and Mary Wickman

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Epigenetic Classifiers for Precision Diagnosis of Brain Tumors., Javier I Orozco, Ayla O Manughian-Peter, Matthew P Salomon, and Diego M Marzese

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A Propensity-Matched Analysis of Outcomes for Patients With M2 Branch Occlusions at Endovascular Stroke Centers, R. Ovando, L. Lucas, Elizabeth Baraban, and Jason Tarpley

2018 In Review & What to Look Forward to in 2019, Pacific Neuroscience Institute

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An Acute Randomized Controlled Trial of Noninvasive Peripheral Nerve Stimulation in Essential Tremor., Rajesh Pahwa, Rohit Dhall, Jill Ostrem, Ryder Gwinn, Kelly Lyons, Susie Ro, Cameron Dietiker, Nijee Luthra, Paula Chidester, Samuel Hamner, Erika Ross, and Scott Delp

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Impact of Obesity on Radiographic Alignment and Short-term complications after Surgical Treatment of Adult Cervical Deformity., Peter G Passias, Gregory W Poorman, Samantha R Horn, Cyrus M Jalai, Cole Bortz, Frank Segreto, Bassel M Diebo, Alan Daniels, D Kojo Hamilton, Daniel Sciubba, Justin Smith, Brian Neuman, Christopher I Shaffrey, Virginie LaFage, Renaud LaFage, Frank Schwab, Shay Bess, Christopher Ames, Robert Hart, Alexandra Soroceanu, Gregory Mundis, and Robert Eastlack

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Recovery kinetics following spinal deformity correction: a comparison of isolated cervical, thoracolumbar, and combined deformity morphometries., Peter G Passias, Frank A Segreto, Renaud Lafage, Virginie Lafage, Justin S Smith, Breton G Line, Justin K Scheer, Gregory M Mundis, D Kojo Hamilton, Han Jo Kim, Samantha R Horn, Cole A Bortz, Bassel G Diebo, Shaleen Vira, Munish C Gupta, Eric O Klineberg, Douglas C Burton, Robert A Hart, Frank J Schwab, Christopher I Shaffrey, Christopher P Ames, and Shay Bess

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Variant anatomy of the buccal nerve., Mayank Patel, Joe Iwanaga, Shogo Kikuta, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Analysis of cell-free circulating tumor DNA in 419 patients with glioblastoma and other primary brain tumors., David E Piccioni, Achal Singh Achrol, Lesli A Kiedrowski, Kimberly C Banks, Najee Boucher, Garni Barkhoudarian, Daniel F Kelly, Tiffany Juarez, Richard B Lanman, Victoria M Raymond, Minhdan Nguyen, Judy D Truong, Annie Heng, Jaya Mini Gill, Marlon G Saria, Sandeep C Pingle, and Santosh Kesari

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Glioblastoma Mimicking Viral Encephalitis Responds to Acyclovir: A Case Series and Literature Review., Keenan J Piper, Haidn Foster, Brandon Gabel, Burt Nabors, and Charles Cobbs

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Regeneration Enhances Metastasis: A Novel Role for Neurovascular Signaling in Promoting Melanoma Brain Metastasis., Roshini Prakash, Sivan Izraely, Nikita S Thareja, Rex H Lee, Maya Rappaport, Riki Kawaguchi, Orit Sagi-Assif, Shlomit Ben-Menachem, Tsipi Meshel, Michal Machnicki, Shuichi Ohe, Dave S B Hoon, Giovanni Coppola, Isaac P Witz, and S Thomas Carmichael

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Pfeiffer type 2 syndrome: review with updates on its genetics and molecular biology., Rabjot Rai, Joe Iwanaga, Graham Dupont, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, W Jerry Oakes, and R Shane Tubbs

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The ABC's of Spinal Decompression: Pearls and Technical Notes., Wyatt L Ramey, Juan J Altafulla, Emre Yilmaz, Basem Ishak, Andrew Jack, Zachary Litvack, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs, and Jens R Chapman

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Using Varying Diagnostic Criteria to Examine Mild Cognitive Impairment Prevalence and Predict Dementia Incidence in a Community-Based Sample., Kayela Robertson, Eric B Larson, Paul K Crane, Brenna Cholerton, Suzanne Craft, Wayne C McCormick, Susan M McCurry, J D Bowen, Laura D Baker, and Emily H Trittschuh

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Does Riluzole Influence Bone Formation? An in vitro Study of Human Mesenchymal Stromal Cells and Osteoblast., Gregory D Schroeder, Christopher K Kepler, Sibylle Grad, Mauro Alini, Taolin Fang, Dessislava Z Markova, John D Koerner, Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran, Jens R Chapman, Frank Kandziora, Klaus J Schnake, Marcel F Dvorak, F Cumhur Oner, and Alexander R Vaccaro

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The Carotid Sinus Nerve and the First English Translation of Hering's Original Research on this Nerve., Mohammadali M Shoja, Rabjot Rai, Stefan Lachkar, Seleipiri Iboroma Akobo, Emre Yilmaz, Marios Loukas, Emanuela Binello, Mehrnoush Gorjaian, Christoph J Griessenauer, Joe Iwanaga, and R Shane Tubbs

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Primary Cardiac Sarcoma: A Rare, Aggressive Malignancy with a High Propensity for Brain Metastases., Brittany L Siontis, Lili Zhao, Monika Leja, Jonathan B McHugh, Maryann M Shango, Laurence H Baker, Scott M Schuetze, and Rashmi Chugh

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Strategy and technique of endonasal endoscopic bony decompression and selective tumor removal in symptomatic skull base meningiomas of the cavernous sinus and Meckel's cave., Walavan Sivakumar, Garni Barkhoudarian, Bjorn M Lobo, Xin Zhang, Fan Zhao, Amy Eisenberg, Santosh Kesari, Howard Krauss, Pejman Cohan, Chester Griffiths, Robert Wollman, Lisa Chaiken, and Daniel F Kelly

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The Impact of Ocrelizumab on Immunoglobulin Levels and the Risk of Infection., Kyle Smoot

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Utilization, safety, and tolerability of ocrelizumab: year 2 data from the Providence Ocrelizumab Registry, Kyle E Smoot

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Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of Transitioning Patients from Natalizumab to Ocrelizumab (OCTAVE) , Kyle E Smoot, Kiren Kresa-Reahl, Pavle Repovic, Jessica Craddock, Chiayi Chen, Lindsay Lucas, Tiffany Gervasi-Follmar, and Stanley Cohan

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Impact of Early Mobilization on 90-Day Outcomes in Thrombectomy Patients, Tamela Stuchiner, Diane Clark, Lindsay Lucas, John Robinson, and Lisa Yanase

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No difference in quality of life (QoL) among people who switched from injectable to oral disease modifying treatment (DMT) compared to those who stayed on injectable in a community cohort: a propensity score matched (PSM) analysis, Tamela Stuchiner, Lindsay Lucas, Elizabeth Baraban, Chiayi Chen, and Stanley Cohan

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Reported Quality of Life in those on High Efficacy Compared to First Line Disease Modifying Therapies in a Community Cohort, Tamela Stuchiner, Lindsay Lucas, Elizabeth Baraban, Chiayi Chen, and Stanley Cohan

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Cost Analysis of Implementing Standardized Stroke Patient Education Materials in a Large Five State Health System, Natalie Swearingen, Leslie Corless, Jessica Swann, Kailey Cox, Diane Lada, and Elizabeth Baraban

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Large Five State Health System Standardizes Stroke Patient Education While Significantly Improving Health Literacy, Natalie Swearingen, Leslie Corless, Jessica Swann, Kailey Cox, Diane Lada, and Elizabeth Baraban

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Surgical management of sternoclavicular joint septic arthritis., Alexander von Glinski, Emre Yilmaz, Valentin Rausch, Matthias Koenigshausen, Thomas Armin Schildhauer, Dominik Seybold, and Jan Geßmann

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Editorial., Jeffrey C Wang, Jens R Chapman, and Karsten Wiechert

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Static and dynamic postural control deficits in aging fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene premutation carriers., Zheng Wang, Pravin Khemani, Lauren M Schmitt, Su Lui, and Matthew W Mosconi

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Expression and effects of leukemia inhibitory factor on nucleus pulposus degeneration., Qiang Xiao, Ji-Huan Zeng, Hao Zhou, Quan-He Qiu, Bo Ke, Liang Deng, Zhen-Ming Hu, Jeffrey Roh, and Min Dai

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Repurposed Drugs in Treating Glioblastoma Multiforme: Clinical Trials Update., S Yadavalli, V M Yenugonda, and S Kesari

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Complications from IV Alteplase in Mild Stroke Patients in a Multi-state Health System, Lisa R. Yanase, Lindsay Lucas, Leslie Corless, and Elizabeth Baraban

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Impact of Balloon Guide Catheter Use on Clinical and Angiographic Outcomes in the STRATIS Stroke Thrombectomy Registry., Osama O Zaidat, Nils H Mueller-Kronast, Ameer E Hassan, Diogo C Haussen, Ashutosh P Jadhav, Michael T Froehler, Reza Jahan, Mohammad Ali Aziz-Sultan, Richard P Klucznik, Jeffrey L Saver, Frank R Hellinger, Dileep R Yavagal, Tom L Yao, Rishi Gupta, Coleman O Martin, Hormozd Bozorgchami, Ritesh Kaushal, Raul G Nogueira, Ravi H Gandhi, Eric C Peterson, Shervin Dashti, Curtis A Given, Brijesh P Mehta, Vivek Deshmukh, Sidney Starkman, Italo Linfante, Scott H McPherson, Peter Kvamme, Thomas J Grobelny, Muhammad Shazam Hussain, Ike Thacker, Nirav Vora, Peng Roc Chen, Stephen Monteith, Robert D Ecker, Clemens M Schirmer, Eric Sauvageau, Alex Bou Chebl, Colin P Derdeyn, Lucian Maidan, Aamir Badruddin, Adnan H Siddiqui, Travis M Dumont, Abdulnasser Alhajeri, Muhammad A Taqi, Khaled Asi, Jeffrey Carpenter, Alan Boulos, Gaurav Jindal, Ajit S Puri, Rohan Chitale, Eric M Deshaies, David Robinson, David F Kallmes, Blaise W Baxter, Mouhammed Jumaa, Peter Sunenshine, Aniel Majjhoo, Joey D English, Shuichi Suzuki, Richard D Fessler, Josser Delgado-Almandoz, Jerry C Martin, and David S Liebeskind

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Somatostatin Receptor Ligand Therapy-A Novel Therapy for Neurocytoma., Dongyun Zhang, Sarah S R Kim, Daniel F Kelly, Sylvia L Asa, Masoud Movassaghi, Sergey Mareninov, William H Yong, Timothy F Cloughesy, Fausto J Rodriguez, Paul McKeever, Jiang Qian, Jian Yi Li, Qinwen Mao, Kathy L Newell, Richard M Green, Cynthia T Welsh, Zhenggang Xiong, and Anthony P Heaney

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B7H3 regulates differentiation and serves as a potential biomarker and theranostic target for human glioblastoma., Jingwen Zhang, Jinhua Wang, Diego M Marzese, Xiaowen Wang, Zixiao Yang, Chunjie Li, Haibo Zhang, Jinsen Zhang, Clark C Chen, Daniel F Kelly, Wei Hua, Dave S B Hoon, and Ying Mao

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Comparative effectiveness of teriflunomide and dimethyl fumarate in patients with relapsing forms of MS in the retrospective real-world Teri-RADAR study., Robert Zivadinov, Kiren Kresa-Reahl, Bianca Weinstock-Guttman, Keith Edwards, Chakkarin Burudpakdee, Niels Bergsland, Michael G Dwyer, Bhupendra Khatri, Karthinathan Thangavelu, Jeffrey Chavin, Matt Mandel, and Stanley Cohan

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Implementation of Coordinated Telestroke Program in an Urban Setting Improves Acute Stroke Care, John Zurasky, Leslie Corless, Lindsay Lucas, and Elizabeth Baraban

Submissions from 2018

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Neurovascular Relationships of S2AI Screw Placement: Anatomic Study., Amir Abdul-Jabbar, Emre Yilmaz, Joe Iwanaga, Tamir Tawfik, Thomas M O'Lynnger, Thomas Armin Schildhauer, Jens R Chapman, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Intratumoral Delivery of MDNA55, an Interleukin-4 Receptor Targeted Immunotherapy, by MRI-Guided Convective Delivery for the Treatment of Recurrent Glioblastoma, Achal Achrol, Manish Aghi, Krystof Bankiewicz, Martin Bexon, Sotirios Bisdas, Steven Brem, Andrew Brenner, Nicholas Butowski, Melissa Coello, Seunggu Jude Han, Santosh Kesari, Fahar Merchant, Dina Randazzo, Diana Roettger, Michael Vogelbaum, Frank Vrionis, Miroslaw Zabek, and John Sampson

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Radiographic Fusion Grade Does Not Impact Health-Related Quality of Life in the Absence of Instrumentation Failure for Patients Undergoing Posterior Instrumented Fusion for Adult Spinal Deformity., Tamir Ailon, D Koho Hamilton, Erik Klineberg, Alan H Daniels, Virginie Lafage, Shay Bess, Douglas C Burton, Munish Gupta, Frank Schwab, Christopher P Ames, Justin S Smith, Christopher I Shaffrey, and Robert A Hart

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Outcomes of Operative Treatment for Adult Cervical Deformity: A Prospective Multicenter Assessment With 1-Year Follow-up., Tamir Ailon, Justin S Smith, Christopher I Shaffrey, Han Jo Kim, Gregory Mundis, Munish Gupta, Eric Klineberg, Frank Schwab, Virginie Lafage, Renaud Lafage, Peter Passias, Themistocles Protopsaltis, Brian Neuman, Alan Daniels, Justin K Scheer, Alex Soroceanu, Robert A Hart, Rick Hostin, Douglas Burton, Vedat Deviren, Todd J Albert, K Daniel Riew, Shay Bess, and Christopher P Ames

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Patients with Adult Spinal Deformity with Previous Fusions Have an Equal Chance of Reaching Substantial Clinical Benefit Thresholds in Health-Related Quality of Life Measures but Do Not Reach the Same Absolute Level of Improvement., Tamir Ailon, Justin S Smith, Christopher I Shaffrey, Alex Soroceanu, Virginie Lafage, Frank Schwab, Douglas Burton, Robert Hart, Han Jo Kim, Jeffrey Gum, Richard Hostin, Michael P Kelly, Steven Glassman, Justin K Scheer, Shay Bess, and Christopher P Ames

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An Unusual Variation of the Accessory Nerve., Yusuf Alimi, Joe Iwanaga, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Intelligence Quotient in Patients with Myelomeningocele: A Review., Yusuf Alimi, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, and R Shane Tubbs

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Radial Artery Injury with Attempted Intravenous Catheterization on the Dorsal Hand: A Case Report., Yusuf Alimi, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, and R Shane Tubbs

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Differences between stance and foot preference evident in Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) fish holding during movement., Laura L Allen, Katie L Morrison, Wesley A E Scott, Steve Shinn, Alan M Haltiner, and Michael J Doherty

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Conserved brain myelination networks are altered in Alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases., Mariet Allen, Xue Wang, Jeremy D Burgess, Jens Watzlawik, Daniel J Serie, Curtis S Younkin, Thuy Nguyen, Kimberly G Malphrus, Sarah Lincoln, Minerva M Carrasquillo, Charlotte Ho, Paramita Chakrabarty, Samantha Strickland, Melissa E Murray, Vivek Swarup, Daniel H Geschwind, Nicholas T Seyfried, Eric B Dammer, James J Lah, Allan I Levey, Todd E Golde, Cory Funk, Hongdong Li, Nathan D Price, Ronald C Petersen, Neill R Graff-Radford, Steven G Younkin, Dennis W Dickson, Julia R Crook, Yan W Asmann, and Nilüfer Ertekin-Taner

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Potential Mechanism for Some Postoperative C5 Palsies: An Anatomical Study., Fernando Alonso, Vlad Voin, Joe Iwanaga, David Hanscom, Jens R Chapman, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, and R Shane Tubbs