Our expanded team of specialists – many of whom completed fellowships and residencies at prestigious academic centers – offers comprehensive services for treating any condition of the brain, spine and nervous system. With nearly 50 subspecialties represented, we offer complex and minimally invasive surgery as well as ongoing care for pituitary and skull base tumors, stroke, peripheral nerve disease, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, ALS, epilepsy and more.

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Submissions from 2018

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Neurovascular Relationships of S2AI Screw Placement: Anatomic Study., Amir Abdul-Jabbar, Emre Yilmaz, Joe Iwanaga, Tamir Tawfik, Thomas M O'Lynnger, Thomas Armin Schildhauer, Jens R Chapman, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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An Unusual Variation of the Accessory Nerve., Yusuf Alimi, Joe Iwanaga, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Radial Artery Injury with Attempted Intravenous Catheterization on the Dorsal Hand: A Case Report., Yusuf Alimi, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, and R Shane Tubbs

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Potential Mechanism for Some Postoperative C5 Palsies: An Anatomical Study., Fernando Alonso, Vlad Voin, Joe Iwanaga, David Hanscom, Jens R Chapman, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, and R Shane Tubbs

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An Unusual Back Muscle Identified Bilaterally: Case Report., Juan J Altafulla, Mayank Patel, R Shane Tubbs, Joe Iwanaga, and Zachary Litvack

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Transclival Venous Circulation: Anatomic Study., Juan J Altafulla, Rabjot Rai, Sebastian Shrager, Vlad Voin, Joe Iwanaga, Zachary Litvack, Marios Loukas, and R Shane Tubbs

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Innervation of Orbicularis Oculi by Trochlear Nerve: Word of Caution., Juan Altafulla, Mayank Patel, Zachary Litvack, Joe Iwanaga, and R Shane Tubbs

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Transcriptional regulatory networks underlying gene expression changes in Huntington's disease., Seth A Ament, Jocelynn R Pearl, Jeffrey P Cantle, Robert M Bragg, Peter J Skene, Sydney R Coffey, Dani E Bergey, Vanessa C Wheeler, Marcy E MacDonald, Nitin S Baliga, Jim Rosinski, Leroy E Hood, Jeffrey B Carroll, and Nathan D Price

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Long-term quality of life improvement for chronic intractable back and leg pain patients using spinal cord stimulation: 12-month results from the SENZA-RCT., Kasra Amirdelfan, Cong Yu, Matthew W Doust, Bradford E Gliner, Donna M Morgan, Leonardo Kapural, Ricardo Vallejo, B Todd Sitzman, Thomas L Yearwood, Richard Bundschu, Thomas Yang, Ramsin Benyamin, Abram H Burgher, Elizabeth S Brooks, Ashley A Powell, and Jeyakumar Subbaroyan

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A Variant Origin of the Carotid Sinus Nerve., Kevlian Andrew, Joe Iwanaga, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Pritumumab, the first therapeutic antibody for glioma patients., Ivan Babic, Elmar Nurmemmedov, Venkata Yenugonda, Tiffany Juarez, Natsuko Nomura, Sandeep C Pingle, Mark C Glassy, and Santosh Kesari

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In Reply: Microsurgical Endoscope-Assisted Gravity-Aided Transfalcine Approach for Contralateral Metastatic Deep Medial Cortical Tumors., Garni Barkhoudarian and Daniel F Kelly

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New functions for the proprioceptive system in skeletal biology., Ronen Blecher, Lia Heinemann-Yerushalmi, Eran Assaraf, Nitzan Konstantin, Jens R Chapman, Timothy C Cope, Guy S Bewick, Robert W Banks, and Elazar Zelzer

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Recent Increase in the Rate of Spinal Infections May be Related to Growing Substance-Use Disorder in the State of Washington: Wide Population-based Analysis of the Comprehensive Hospital Abstract Reporting System (CHARS) Database., Ronen Blecher, Emre Yilmaz, Doniel Drazin, Rod J Oskouian, and Jens R Chapman

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Extreme Lateral Interbody Fusion Complicated by Fungal Osteomyelitis: Case Report and Quick Review of the Literature., Ronen Blecher, Emre Yilmaz, Marc Moisi, Rod J Oskouian, and Jens Chapman

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Dysgeusia in deep brain stimulation for essential tremor., Jonathan Dennis Carlson, Kate Elizabeth McLeod, Jamelyn Brooke Mark, Pamela Sue McLeod, and Beth Ann Bremer

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TLR5 decoy receptor as a novel anti-amyloid therapeutic for Alzheimer's disease., Paramita Chakrabarty, Andrew Li, Thomas B Ladd, Michael R Strickland, Emily J Koller, Jeremy D Burgess, Cory C Funk, Pedro E Cruz, Mariet Allen, Mariya Yaroshenko, Xue Wang, Curtis Younkin, Joseph Reddy, Benjamin Lohrer, Leonie Mehrke, Brenda D Moore, Xuefei Liu, Carolina Ceballos-Diaz, Awilda M Rosario, Christopher Medway, Christopher Janus, Hong-Dong Li, Dennis W Dickson, Benoit I Giasson, Nathan D Price, Steven G Younkin, Nilüfer Ertekin-Taner, and Todd E Golde

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TLR5 decoy receptor as a novel anti-amyloid therapeutic for Alzheimer's disease., Paramita Chakrabarty, Andrew Li, Thomas B Ladd, Michael R Strickland, Emily J Koller, Jeremy D Burgess, Cory C Funk, Pedro E Cruz, Mariet Allen, Mariya Yaroshenko, Xue Wang, Curtis Younkin, Joseph Reddy, Benjamin Lohrer, Leonie Mehrke, Brenda D Moore, Xuefei Liu, Carolina Ceballos-Diaz, Awilda M Rosario, Christopher Medway, Christopher Janus, Hong-Dong Li, Dennis W Dickson, Benoit I Giasson, Nathan D Price, Steven G Younkin, Nilüfer Ertekin-Taner, and Todd E Golde

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Population-specific genetic modification of Huntington's disease in Venezuela., Michael J Chao, Kyung-Hee Kim, Jun Wan Shin, Diane Lucente, Vanessa C Wheeler, Hong Li, Jared C Roach, Leroy Hood, Nancy S Wexler, Laura B Jardim, Peter Holmans, Lesley Jones, Michael Orth, Seung Kwak, Marcy E MacDonald, James F Gusella, and Jong-Min Lee

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Editorial Perspective., Jens R Chapman

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Evidence-Based Medicine, Media, and Manipulation., Jens R Chapman, Karsten Wiechert, and Jeffrey C Wang

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Relapse pathway of glioblastoma revealed by single-cell molecular analysis., Xuelian Chen, Qin Wen, Andres Stucky, Yunjing Zeng, Shengjia Gao, William G Loudon, Hector W Ho, Mustafa H Kabeer, Shengwen Calvin Li, Xi Zhang, and Jiang F Zhong

Semaphorin4A and H-ferritin utilize Tim-1 on human oligodendrocytes: A novel neuro-immune axis., Brian Chiou, Elisabeth Lucassen, Michael Sather, Asha Kallianpur, and James Connor

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The Deep Fascia of the Forearm and the Ulnar Nerve: An Anatomical Study., Paul J Choi, Chidinma Nwaogbe, Joe Iwanaga, Georgi P Georgiev, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Telesurgery: Past, Present, and Future., Paul J Choi, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Emerging Cellular Therapies for Glioblastoma Multiforme., Paul J Choi, R Shane Tubbs, and Rod J Oskouian

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The Current Trend of the Translational Research Paradigm., Paul J Choi, R Shane Tubbs, and Rod J Oskouian

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The Current Trend of the Translational Research Paradigm., Paul J Choi, R Shane Tubbs, and Rod J Oskouian

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Genome-wide pleiotropy analysis of neuropathological traits related to Alzheimer's disease., Jaeyoon Chung, Xiaoling Zhang, Mariet Allen, Xue Wang, Yiyi Ma, Gary Beecham, Thomas J Montine, Steven G Younkin, Dennis W Dickson, Todd E Golde, Nathan D Price, Nilüfer Ertekin-Taner, Kathryn L Lunetta, Jesse Mez, Richard Mayeux, Jonathan L Haines, Margaret A Pericak-Vance, Gerard Schellenberg, Gyungah R Jun, and Lindsay A Farrer

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Addressing the targeting range of the ABILHAND-56 in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis: A mixed methods psychometric study., Sophie Cleanthous, Sara Strzok, Farrah Pompilus, Stefan Cano, Patrick Marquis, Stanley Cohan, Myla D Goldman, Kiren Kresa-Reahl, Jennifer Petrillo, Carmen Castrillo-Viguera, Diego Cadavid, and Shih-Yin Chen

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Addressing the targeting range of the ABILHAND-56 in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis: A mixed methods psychometric study., Sophie Cleanthous, Sara Strzok, Farrah Pompilus, Stefan Cano, Patrick Marquis, Stanley Cohan, Myla D Goldman, Kiren Kresa-Reahl, Jennifer Petrillo, Carmen Castrillo-Viguera, Diego Cadavid, and Shih-Yin Chen

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Clinical outcomes in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis who switch from natalizumab to delayed-release dimethyl fumarate: A multicenter retrospective observational study (STRATEGY)., Stanley L Cohan, Harold Moses, Jonathan Calkwood, Carlo Tornatore, Chris LaGanke, Kyle E Smoot, Venkata Meka, Macaulay Okwuokenye, Christophe Hotermans, Jason P Mendoza, Monica K Mann, and Leslie A Meltzer

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Evolution of the graded repair of CSF leaks and skull base defects in endonasal endoscopic tumor surgery: trends in repair failure and meningitis rates in 509 patients., Andrew Conger, Fan Zhao, Xiaowen Wang, Amy Eisenberg, Chester Griffiths, Felice Esposito, Ricardo L Carrau, Garni Barkhoudarian, and Daniel F Kelly

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Ophthalmic Artery Aneurysm in a Cadaver: Case Report., Dominic Dalip, Joe Iwanaga, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Review of the Variations of the Superficial Veins of the Neck., Dominic Dalip, Joe Iwanaga, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Superior Cerebellar Arteries Originating from the Posterior Cerebral Arteries but Normal Course of the Oculomotor Nerves., Dominic Dalip, Joe Iwanaga, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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A Comprehensive Review of the Fabella Bone., Dominic Dalip, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Peak Timing for Complications After Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery., Alan H Daniels, Shay Bess, Breton Line, Adam E M Eltorai, Daniel B C Reid, Virginie Lafage, Behrooz A Akbarnia, Christopher P Ames, Oheneba Boachie-Adjei, Douglas C Burton, Vedat Deviren, Han Jo Kim, Robert A. Hart, Khaled M Kebaish, Eric O Klineberg, Munish Gupta, Gregory M Mundis, Richard A Hostin, Michael O'Brien, Frank J Schwab, Christopher I Shaffrey, and Justin S Smith

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Rod Fracture After Apparently Solid Radiographic Fusion in Adult Spinal Deformity Patients., Alan H Daniels, J Mason DePasse, Wesley Durand, D Kojo Hamilton, Peter Passias, Han Jo Kim, Themistocles Protopsaltis, Daniel B C Reid, Virginie LaFage, Justin S Smith, Christopher Shaffrey, Munish Gupta, Eric Klineberg, Frank Schwab, Doug Burton, Shay Bess, Christopher Ames, and Robert A Hart

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Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy in patients treated with brain-responsive neurostimulation., Orrin Devinsky, Daniel Friedman, Robert B Duckrow, Nathan B Fountain, Ryder P Gwinn, James W Leiphart, Anthony M Murro, and Paul C Van Ness

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Surfer's myelopathy: A rare presentation in a teenage gymnast and review of the literature., William L Dillen, Benjamin K Hendricks, Jonathan P Mannas, and Greg R Wheeler

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A Variant of the Sciatic Nerve and its Clinical Implications., Graham Dupont, Florence Unno, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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The Superior Hypogastric Plexus and its Surgical Implications During Spine Surgery: A Review., Seif Eid, Joe Iwanaga, Jens R Chapman, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, and R Shane Tubbs

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Pelvic Kidney: A Review of the Literature., Seif Eid, Joe Iwanaga, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Ventriculosubgaleal shunting-a comprehensive review and over two-decade surgical experience., Seif Eid, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, W Jerry Oakes, and R Shane Tubbs

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Correction to: Ventriculosubgaleal shunting-a comprehensive review and over two-decade surgical experience., Seif Eid, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, W Jerry Oakes, and R Shane Tubbs

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Comprehensive Review of the Cardinal Ligament., Seif Eid, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, and R Shane Tubbs

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Multiplatform profiling of meningioma provides molecular insight and prioritization of drug targets for rational clinical trial design., Richard G Everson, Yuuri Hashimoto, Jacob L Freeman, Tiffany R Hodges, Jason Huse, Shouhao Zhou, Joanne Xiu, David Spetzler, Nader Sanai, Lyndon Kim, Santosh Kesari, Andrew Brenner, Franco De Monte, Amy Heimberger, and Shaan M Raza

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Profiles of Brain Metastases: Prioritization of Therapeutic Targets., Sherise D Ferguson, Siyuan Zheng, Joanne Xiu, Shouhao Zhou, Mustafa Khasraw, Priscilla K Brastianos, Santosh Kesari, Jethro Hu, Jeremy Rudnick, Michael E Salacz, David Piccioni, Suyun Huang, Michael A Davies, Isabella C Glitza, John V Heymach, Jianjun Zhang, Nuhad K Ibrahim, John F DeGroot, Joseph McCarty, Barbara J O'Brien, Raymond Sawaya, Roeland G W Verhaak, Sandeep K Reddy, Waldemar Priebe, Zoran Gatalica, David Spetzler, and Amy B Heimberger

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Ependymomas overexpress chemoresistance and DNA repair-related proteins., Sherise D Ferguson, Shouhao Zhou, Joanne Xiu, Yuuri Hashimoto, Nader Sanai, Lyndon Kim, Santosh Kesari, John de Groot, David Spetzler, and Amy B Heimberger

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A new superficial landmark for the odontoid process: a cadaveric study., Christian Fisahn, Michael J Montalbano, Joe Iwanaga, Marc Moisi, Marios Loukas, Jens R Chapman, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Comparison of Chronic Dysphagia in Standalone versus Conventional Plate and Cage Fusion., Christian Fisahn, Cameron Schmidt, Tarush Rustagi, Marc Moisi, Joe Iwanaga, Daniel C Norvell, R Shane Tubbs, Thomas A Schildhauer, and Jens R Chapman

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Blood Transfusion and Postoperative Infection in Spine Surgery: A Systematic Review., Christian Fisahn, Cameron Schmidt, Josh E Schroeder, Emiliano Vialle, Isador H Lieberman, Joseph R Dettori, and Thomas A Schildhauer

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Neurological adverse event profile of magnetic resonance imaging-guided focused ultrasound thalamotomy for essential tremor., Paul S Fishman, W Jeffrey Elias, Pejman Ghanouni, Ryder Gwinn, Nir Lipsman, Michael Schwartz, Jin W Chang, Takaomi Taira, Vibhor Krishna, Ali Rezai, Kazumichi Yamada, Keiji Igase, Rees Cosgrove, Haruhiko Kashima, Michael G Kaplitt, Travis S Tierney, and Howard M Eisenberg

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Phase 2 Trial of Ibudilast in Progressive Multiple Sclerosis., Robert J Fox, Christopher S Coffey, Robin Conwit, Merit E Cudkowicz, Trevis Gleason, Andrew Goodman, Eric C Klawiter, Kazuko Matsuda, Michelle McGovern, Robert T Naismith, Akshata Ashokkumar, Janel Barnes, Dixie Ecklund, Elizabeth Klingner, Maxine Koepp, Jeffrey D Long, Sneha Natarajan, Brenda Thornell, Jon Yankey, Robert A Bermel, Josef P Debbins, Xuemei Huang, Patricia Jagodnik, Mark J Lowe, Kunio Nakamura, Sridar Narayanan, Ken E Sakaie, Bhaskar Thoomukuntla, Xiaopeng Zhou, Stephen Krieger, Enrique Alvarez, Michelle Apperson, Khurram Bashir, Bruce A Cohen, Patricia K Coyle, Silvia Delgado, L Dana Dewitt, Angela Flores, Barbara S Giesser, Myla D Goldman, Burk Jubelt, Neil Lava, Sharon G Lynch, Harold Moses, Daniel Ontaneda, Jai S Perumal, Michael Racke, P Repovic, Claire S Riley, Christopher Severson, Shlomo Shinnar, Valerie Suski, Bianca Weinstock-Guttman, Vijayshree Yadav, and Aram Zabeti

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Macimorelin as a Diagnostic Test for Adult Growth Hormone Deficiency., Jose M Garcia, Beverly M K Biller, Márta Korbonits, Vera Popovic, Anton Luger, Christian J Strasburger, Philippe Chanson, Milica Medic-Stojanoska, Jochen Schopohl, Anna Zakrzewska, Sandra Pekic-Djurdjevic, Marek Bolanowski, Ronald Swerdloff, Christina Wang, Thomas Blevins, Marco Marcelli, Nicola Ammer, Richard Sachse, and Kevin C J Yuen

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A rare loss-of-function variant of ADAM17 is associated with late-onset familial Alzheimer disease., Daniela Hartl, Patrick May, Wei Gu, Manuel Mayhaus, Sabrina Pichler, Christian Spaniol, Enrico Glaab, Dheeraj Reddy Bobbili, Paul Antony, Sandra Koegelsberger, Alexander Kurz, Timo Grimmer, Kevin Morgan, Badri N Vardarajan, Christiane Reitz, John Hardy, Jose Bras, Rita Guerreiro, Rudi Balling, Jochen G Schneider, and Matthias Riemenschneider

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Expression of LC3B and FIP200/Atg17 in brain metastases of breast cancer., Nooshin Hashemi-Sadraei, Gaëlle M Müller-Greven, Fadi W Abdul-Karim, Ilya Ulasov, Erinn Downs-Kelly, Monica E Burgett, Adam Lauko, Maha A Qadan, Robert J Weil, Manmeet S Ahluwalia, Lingling Du, Richard A Prayson, Samuel T Chao, Thomas G Budd, Jill Barnholtz-Sloan, Amy S Nowacki, Ruth A Keri, and Candece L Gladson

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Rethinking medulloblastoma from a targeted therapeutics perspective., Yuuri Hashimoto, Marta Penas-Prado, Shouhao Zhou, Jun Wei, Soumen Khatua, Tiffany R Hodges, Nader Sanai, Joanne Xiu, Zoran Gatalica, Lyndon Kim, Santosh Kesari, Ganesh Rao, David Spetzler, and Amy Heimberger

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Ultrasound-Guided Carpal Tunnel Release Using Dynamic Expansion of the Transverse Safe Zone in a Patient With Postpolio Syndrome: A Case Report., Troy Henning, Daniel Lueders, Kate Chang, and Lynda Yang

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Parametric and Nonparametric Tests in Spine Research: Why Do They Matter?, Sarah Hopkins, Joseph R Dettori, and Jens R Chapman

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Open-cell stent and use of cone-beam CT enables a safe and effective coil embolization of true ophthalmic artery and anterior choroidal artery aneurysms with preservation of parent vessel: Clinical and angiographic results., Samuel Y Hou, Anna Luisa Kühn, Ajit S Puri, and Ajay K Wakhloo

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Fibroblasts as a practical alternative to mesenchymal stem cells., Thomas E Ichim, Pete O'Heeron, and Santosh Kesari

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Clinical Outcomes of Endovascular Thrombectomy in Tissue Plasminogen Activator versus Non-Tissue Plasminogen Activator Patients at Primary Stroke Care Centers., Gregory Imbarrato, Joshua Bentley, and Ajeet Gordhan

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Anatomical study of the palatine aponeurosis: application to posterior palatal seal of the complete maxillary denture., Joe Iwanaga, Junta Kido, Marcin Lipski, Iwona M Tomaszewska, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski, Jerzy A Walocha, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Anatomical study of the so-called "retromolar gland": Distinguishing normal anatomy from oral cavity pathology., Joe Iwanaga, Ken Nakamura, Fernando Alonso, Christie Kirkpatrick, Rod J Oskouian, Koichi Watanabe, and R Shane Tubbs

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Distribution of the internal nasal branch of the infraorbital nerve to the nasal septum: Application to rhinoplasty., Joe Iwanaga, Koichi Watanabe, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Clinical Anatomy of Blockade of the Pterygopalatine Ganglion: Literature Review and Pictorial Tour Using Cadaveric Images., Joe Iwanaga, Charlotte Wilson, Emily Simonds, Marc Vetter, Cameron Schmidt, Emre Yilmaz, Paul J Choi, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Anatomical Study of the Extreme Lateral Transpsoas Lumbar Interbody Fusion with Application to Minimizing Injury to the Kidney., Joe Iwanaga, Emre Yilmaz, Tamir Tawfik, Amir Abdul-Jabbar, Marc Vetter, Marc Moisi, Koichi Watanabe, Koh-Ichi Yamaki, R Shane Tubbs, and Rod J Oskouian

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Hybrid Assistive Limb Exoskeleton HAL in the Rehabilitation of Chronic Spinal Cord Injury: Proof of Concept; the Results in 21 Patients., Oliver Jansen, Dennis Grasmuecke, Renate C Meindl, Martin Tegenthoff, Peter Schwenkreis, Matthias Sczesny-Kaiser, Martin Wessling, Thomas A Schildhauer, Christian Fisahn, and Mirko Aach

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Genomic Profiling in Patients With Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors Reveals Multiple Pathways With Targetable Mutations., Henry G Kaplan, Steven Rostad, Jeffrey S Ross, Siraj M Ali, and Sherri Z Millis

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Tamoxifen overrides autophagy inhibition in Beclin-1-deficient glioma cells and their resistance to adenovirus-mediated oncolysis via upregulation of PUMA and BAX., Natalya V Kaverina, Zaira G Kadagidze, Anton V Borovjagin, Apollon I Karseladze, Chung Kwon Kim, Maciej S Lesniak, Jason Miska, Peng Zhang, Maria A Baryshnikova, Ting Xiao, David Ornelles, Charles Cobbs, Andrey Khramtsov, and Ilya V Ulasov

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Development and Validation of a Prediction Model for Pain and Functional Outcomes After Lumbar Spine Surgery., Sara Khor, Danielle Lavallee, Amy M Cizik, Carlo Bellabarba, Jens R. Chapman, Christopher R Howe, Dawei Lu, A Alex Mohit, Rod J. Oskouian, Jeffrey R Roh, Neal Shonnard, Armagan Dagal, and David R Flum

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Continuous monitoring devices and seizure patterns by glucose, time and lateralized seizure onset., Katie M Kinnear, Nicole M Warner, Alan M Haltiner, and Michael J Doherty

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In Reply: Microsurgical Clipping of an Anterior Communicating Artery Aneurysm Using a Novel Robotic Visualization Tool in Lieu of the Binocular Operating Microscope: Operative Video., Daniel R Klinger, Kevin A Reinard, Olaide O Ajayi, and Johnny B Delashaw

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Microsurgical Clipping of an Anterior Communicating Artery Aneurysm Using a Novel Robotic Visualization Tool in Lieu of the Binocular Operating Microscope: Operative Video., Daniel R Klinger, Kevin A Reinard, Olaide O Ajayi, and Johnny B Delashaw

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A Case Report of an Enlarged Suboccipital Nerve with Cutaneous Branch., Sasha Lake, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, Marios Loukas, and R Shane Tubbs

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Injury of the Radial Nerve in the Arm: A Review., Taroob J Latef, Muhammad Bilal, Marc Vetter, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Associations between recent and established ophthalmic conditions and risk of Alzheimer's disease., Cecilia S Lee, Eric B Larson, Laura E Gibbons, Aaron Y Lee, Susan M McCurry, James D Bowen, Wayne C McCormick, and Paul K Crane

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Evidences in Neurological Surgery and a Cutting Edge Classification of the Trigeminocardiac Reflex: A Systematic Review., Daniel S Leon-Ariza, Juan S Leon-Ariza, Jasvinder Nangiana, Gabriel Vargas Grau, Fidias E Leon-Sarmiento, and Alfredo Quiñones-Hinojosa

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Correction to: First results on survival from a large Phase 3 clinical trial of an autologous dendritic cell vaccine in newly diagnosed glioblastoma., Linda M Liau, Keyoumars Ashkan, David D Tran, Jian L Campian, John E Trusheim, Charles S Cobbs, Jason A Heth, Michael Salacz, Sarah Taylor, Stacy D D'Andre, Fabio M Iwamoto, Edward J Dropcho, Yaron A Moshel, Kevin A Walter, Clement P Pillainayagam, Robert Aiken, Rekha Chaudhary, Samuel A Goldlust, Daniela A Bota, Paul Duic, Jai Grewal, Heinrich Elinzano, Steven A Toms, Kevin O Lillehei, Tom Mikkelsen, Tobias Walbert, Steven R Abram, Andrew J Brenner, Steven Brem, Matthew G Ewend, Simon Khagi, Jana Portnow, Lyndon J Kim, William G Loudon, Reid C Thompson, David E Avigan, Karen L Fink, Francois J Geoffroy, Scott Lindhorst, Jose Lutzky, Andrew E Sloan, Gabriele Schackert, Dietmar Krex, Hans-Jorg Meisel, Julian Wu, Raphael P Davis, Christopher Duma, Arnold B Etame, David Mathieu, Santosh Kesari, David Piccioni, Manfred Westphal, David S Baskin, Pamela Z New, Michel Lacroix, Sven-Axel May, Timothy J Pluard, Victor Tse, Richard M Green, John L Villano, Michael Pearlman, Kevin Petrecca, Michael Schulder, Lynne P Taylor, Anthony E Maida, Robert M Prins, Timothy F Cloughesy, Paul Mulholland, and Marnix L Bosch

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First results on survival from a large Phase 3 clinical trial of an autologous dendritic cell vaccine in newly diagnosed glioblastoma., Linda M Liau, Keyoumars Ashkan, David D Tran, Jian L Campian, John E Trusheim, Charles S Cobbs, Jason A Heth, Michael Salacz, Sarah Taylor, Stacy D D'Andre, Fabio M Iwamoto, Edward J Dropcho, Yaron A Moshel, Kevin A Walter, Clement P Pillainayagam, Robert Aiken, Rekha Chaudhary, Samuel A Goldlust, Daniela A Bota, Paul Duic, Jai Grewal, Heinrich Elinzano, Steven A Toms, Kevin O Lillehei, Tom Mikkelsen, Tobias Walbert, Steven R Abram, Andrew J Brenner, Steven Brem, Matthew G Ewend, Simon Khagi, Jana Portnow, Lyndon J Kim, William G Loudon, Reid C Thompson, David E Avigan, Karen L Fink, Francois J Geoffroy, Scott Lindhorst, Jose Lutzky, Andrew E Sloan, Gabriele Schackert, Dietmar Krex, Hans-Jorg Meisel, Julian Wu, Raphael P Davis, Christopher Duma, Arnold B Etame, David Mathieu, Santosh Kesari, David Piccioni, Manfred Westphal, David S Baskin, Pamela Z New, Michel Lacroix, Sven-Axel May, Timothy J Pluard, Victor Tse, Richard M Green, John L Villano, Michael Pearlman, Kevin Petrecca, Michael Schulder, Lynne P Taylor, Anthony E Maida, Robert M Prins, Timothy F Cloughesy, Paul Mulholland, and Marnix L Bosch

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Introduction. Focused ultrasound., Nir Lipsman, W Jeffrey Elias, Ryder P Gwinn, and Julie G Pilitsis

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Landmarks for Identifying the Suprascapular Foramen Anteriorly: Application to Anterior Neurotization and Decompressive Procedures., Olga V Manouvakhova, Veronica Macchi, Fabian N Fries, Marios Loukas, Raffaele De Caro, Rod J Oskouian, Robert J Spinner, and R Shane Tubbs

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Preoperative relative cerebral blood volume analysis in gliomas predicts survival and mitigates risk of biopsy sampling error., Brendan J McCullough, Valerie Ader, Brian Aguedan, Xu Feng, Daniel Susanto, Tara L Benkers, John W Henson, Marc Mayberg, Charles S Cobbs, Ryder P Gwinn, Stephen J Monteith, David W Newell, Johnny Delashaw, Sarah J Fouke, Steven Rostad, and Bart P Keogh

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Targeting TWIST1 through loss of function inhibits tumorigenicity of human glioblastoma., Andrei M Mikheev, Svetlana A Mikheeva, Liza J Severs, Cory C Funk, Lei Huang, José L McFaline-Figueroa, Jeanette Schwensen, Cole Trapnell, Nathan D Price, Stephen Wong, and Robert C Rostomily

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Real-world stent retriever thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke beyond 6 hours of onset: analysis of the NASA and TRACK registries., Maxim Mokin, Alex Abou-Chebl, Alicia C Castonguay, Raul G Nogueira, Joey D English, Hamed Farid, Rishi Gupta, Coleman Martin, William Edward Holloway, Diogo C Haussen, Nils Mueller-Kronast, and Osama O Zaidat

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Innervation of the blood vessels of the spinal cord: a comprehensive review., Michael J Montalbano, Marios Loukas, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Internal Thoracic Artery to Middle Cerebral Artery Bypass Surgery: Cadaveric Feasibsility Study., Stephen Monteith, Oded Goren, Ragu Sampath, Eric Lehr, Akshal Patel, Paul J Choi, Joe Iwanaga, Marios Loukas, and R Shane Tubbs

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Visual Field Outcome Reporting in Neurosurgery: Lessons Learned from a Prospective, Multicenter Study of Transsphenoidal Pituitary Surgery., Michael A Mooney, Angela M Herro, Robert E Fintelmann, Marc R Mayberg, Garni Barkhoudarian, Paul A Gardner, Daniel M Prevedello, Michael R Chicoine, Daniel F Kelly, James P Chandler, Heidi Jahnke, William L White, and Andrew S Little

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How our Neuro-Oncology Team Provides Next-generation Cancer Care, Joy Nakhla, Viorela Pop, Lavinia Dobrea, Lawrence D. Wagman, and Lars Anker

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Pregnancy-associated Cushing's disease? An exploratory retrospective study., Sheri K Palejwala, Andrew R Conger, Amy Eisenberg, Pejman Cohan, Chester Griffiths, Garni Barkhoudarian, and Daniel F Kelly

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Imaging-Ambiguous Lesions of Meckel's Cave-Utility of Endoscopic Endonasal Transpterygoid Biopsy., Sheri K Palejwala, Fan Zhao, Kayla C Lanker, Walavan Sivakumar, Yuki Takasumi, Chester F Griffiths, Garni Barkhoudarian, and Daniel F Kelly

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Drivers of Cervical Deformity Have a Strong Influence on Achieving Optimal Radiographic and Clinical Outcomes at 1 Year After Cervical Deformity Surgery., Peter G Passias, Cole Bortz, Samantha Horn, Frank Segreto, Gregory Poorman, Cyrus Jalai, Alan Daniels, D Kojo Hamilton, Han Jo Kim, Daniel Sciubba, Justin S Smith, Brian Neuman, Christopher Shaffrey, Virginie Lafage, Renaud Lafage, Themistocles Protopsaltis, Christopher Ames, Robert Hart, Gregory Mundis, and Robert Eastlack

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Clinical and radiographic presentation and treatment of patients with cervical deformity secondary to thoracolumbar proximal junctional kyphosis are distinct despite achieving similar outcomes: Analysis of 123 prospective CD cases., Peter G Passias, Samantha R Horn, Gregory W Poorman, Alan H Daniels, D Kojo Hamilton, Han Jo Kim, Bassel G Diebo, Leah Steinmetz, Cole A Bortz, Frank A Segreto, Daniel M Sciubba, Justin S Smith, Brian J Neuman, Christopher I Shaffrey, Renaud Lafage, Virginie Lafage, Christopher Ames, Robert Hart, Gregory Mundis, Robert K Eastlack, and Frank J Schwab

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Communication Between a Dorsal and Ventral Ramus: A Conflict for Traditional Anatomical Teaching., Mayank Patel, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Fenestration of the Proximal Left Ovarian Vein., Mayank Patel, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Fenestration of the Proximal Left Ovarian Vein., Mayank Patel, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Variant Distal Ulnar Nerve Loop: A Previously Undescribed Anatomical Finding., Mayank Patel, Joe Iwanaga, Rod J Oskouian, and R Shane Tubbs

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Incidentally Found Double Aortic Arch While Treating Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery Aneurysm: Conversion from Femoral to Radial Artery Access., Mayank Patel, Joe Iwananga, Josh Bentley, Bill H Wang, Akil Patel, R Shane Tubbs, and Steve Monteith